Fine art includes many broad categories, such as painting, print, drawing, photography, craft, design, performance art, mixed-media, sculpture, installation, and new media. Each category includes various styles and classifications. For instance, some of the different styles within the painting genre are realism, photo-realism, painterly, impressionism, expressionism, abstraction and abstract.
Humans have been painting since the Upper Paleolithic Age using earth and plant extracts. About.com Painting explains that painters today frequently used oil, acrylic, pastels, watercolor and spray paints and techniques.
The mixed-media art form refers to work that uses a combination of materials. A mixed-media piece might include paint, ink and collage. Famous Cubists, Picasso and Braque are known to have used mixed-media. Artists like mixed-media because it allows them creative freedom.
Installations describe an artwork of any form or size that exists in a space. The space does not have to be a gallery. Installations are three-dimensional and can be made up of a variety of materials. The space is part of the art, not only the artwork that is displayed.