The different types of calligraphy include western, eastern Asian, southern Asian and Islamic. Each type of calligraphy can be broken down into sub types.
Western calligraphy continues to evolve from 10th century writing. Latin script is one form of Western calligraphy many people are familiar with, and this type has been around since 600 B.C. Since that time, calligraphy styles such as Batarde, English script and Caroline script have evolved throughout history.
Eastern Asian calligraphy is those derived from China, Korea and Asia and each Asian dynasty has its own form of calligraphy. For example, the Wang Xizhi brought with it the Kaishu script, which is the traditional form of calligraphy in these countries.
Southern Asian calligraphy encompasses calligraphy from Tibet, India and Nepal. The most common calligraphy used for Buddhist texts is the Ranjana script. This form of writing is most often seen on letters of the Dalai Lama.
Islamic calligraphy evolved from the Arabic language and often uses geometric patterns in its writing. According to many Muslims, calligraphy is the language of the spiritual world and is extremely important.
Many different tools are used in calligraphy, based on the type of writing that needs to be done. For example, in western calligraphy, authors would use round-nipped pens or brushes to write and knives to remove any mistakes. Islamic writers would pen their works on treated palm leaves or burnt clay pieces.