Dramatic techniques include literary devices and staging elements determined by the playwright, director or stage manager. Dramatic techniques are used by a playwright to enhance the emotional, aural, and visual experience of the audience and to underline a script's meaning, according to David Farmer of Drama Resource.Know More
Literary devices that are often used in dramatic productions include conflict, foreshadowing, imagery, personification, satire, symbolism and theme, according to Robert DiYanni in the McGraw-Hill Glossary of Drama Terms. These literary devices help add layers of meaning that people experience when reading or watching a story. These additional layers of meaning make stories feel more universal and heighten the sense of drama.
According to Wikipedia, the playwright often describes the scenes, characters, setting, and other aspects of a play to guide the reader, director or actor in their experiences. Specific dramatic techniques used by playwrights may include establishing formal tableaux as part of staging; breaking the so-called "fourth wall" (in which an actor speaks directly to the audience); slapstick and other physical comedy; and breaking the narrative time line through the use of flashforwards or flashbacks.
The director or stage manager often introduces his own interpretations of theme or setting as social or political commentary or to achieve some other artistic end. As Wikipedia points out, the director and stage manager have the most physical control over a production, making choices about lighting, sound, sets, props and costuming that drive the aural and visual impact of the production.Learn more about Plays
Any moment in the play "Macbeth" when the audience is privy to more pertinent information than one or more characters onstage is an instance of dramatic irony. An example is when King Duncan exhibits a positive outlook upon arriving at Inverness, where the audience already knows he will be murdered. Shakespeare Online posits that this play is exceptional for its pervasive use of dramatic irony.Full Answer >
Sophocles' tragedy "Antigone" contains dramatic irony with the decision of Creon to bury one of Antigone's brothers with honor but not the other and with Antigone's determination and strength when contrasted with the characters' view of women as weak. In addition, Creon's dialogue often is filled with verbal irony stemming from his lack of awareness of the truth, which contrasts with the reader's knowledge.Full Answer >
As many consider Robert Browning to be the master of dramatic monologue, students may wish to use one of his poems, like "A Grammarian's Funeral." Alternatively, there is Lord Tennyson's "Ulysses," which some consider to be the first dramatic monologue.Full Answer >
A dramatic device is any technique that a playwright uses to make a literary work more interesting and create a special effect on the audience. Irony, foreshadowing, paradox and the aside are some examples of dramatic devices.Full Answer >