"Earth on Turtle's Back" is the creation story for the American Indian Onondaga tribe. According to Yale University professor Marcia L. Gerencser, creation stories explain how the world came into existence.Know More
Creation myths in many cultures serve as symbolic stories of how the Earth was created. They also explain how people came to live on the Earth. According to Michael J. Caduto and Joseph Bruchac, authors of "Keepers of the Earth," in "Earth on Turtle's Back," animals, plants, seasons, elements and the four directions play crucial roles in explaining the origins of the world.
In the story, an ancient chief lived in Skyland, a land above the clouds over a world of water, with his pregnant wife. In Skyland was a Great Tree, which pointed to the four directions and which the wife dreamed was uprooted. Because she dreamed it, the chief had the tree uprooted. This left a hole through which the wife fell toward the water land. Because the chief's wife couldn't survive in a watery environment, the water animals created a land environment on a great turtle's back.
According to professor Gerenscer, the myth shows the importance the Onondaga placed on dreams. According to authors Caduto and Bruchac, the myth also shows the cultural belief that smaller and weaker beings can achieve acts that larger, stronger beings cannot. This leads to the lesson of the story, that determination is more important that strength in completing tasks.Learn more about Mythology
Turtle meat tastes most like veal and can be cooked in a variety of ways. The best results are when the turtle is tenderized and cleaned properly.Full Answer >
The Mohawk Native American Indian tribe, along with the other five nations of the Iroquois Confederacy in the northeastern United States, celebrated a variety of festivals in recognition of plantings or harvests of food staples such as maize and strawberries. One of the most important ceremonies was the celebration of the new year, known as the Midwinter Ceremony, which took place between January and February and lasted several days. Although the six nations of the Iroquois Confederacy conducted the ceremonies in a variety of ways, the Stirring of the Ashes, the Feather Dance and the Peach Stone Game were commonly celebrated events in the Midwinter festival.Full Answer >
Every American Indian and Native Alaskan tribal government is different, and each tribe has a different requirement, known as a blood quantum, for establishing membership. At a federal level, the US Bureau of Indian Affairs and the Department of the Interior have no requirement of this nature.Full Answer >
Poseidon's infatuation with Demeter led to the creation of the horse. He built the impenetrable walls of Troy with the god Apollo. Poseidon unintentionally fathered many heroes, including Theseus, and many creatures, such as the Polyphemus and the Pegasus. Poseidon's accomplishments are usually results of his volatile moods and uncontrolled urges, such as his seduction of Medusa in Athena's temple, which caused Medusa to transform into a gorgon.Full Answer >