The lost city of Atlantis, King Arthur, and Robin Hood are prominent examples of legends. A legend is a story from the past of a significant person or event that is passed down by tradition and is unverifiable in its factual or historical basis.
The city of Atlantis was introduced by the Greek philosopher Plato. He described Atlantis as an advanced civilization that fell out of favor of the gods from a decline of ethical standards and sank into the ocean. The intent of Plato’s dialogues telling of Atlantis as either fact or allegory has been debated since the philosophers of antiquity.
The origin of King Arthur is placed by historians at approximately A.D. 830 in the written works of a Welsh monk, Nennius, called "Historia Brittonum." There is little to say that this is a work of fiction or fact, or even that the Arthur of legend is a product of Nennius' Arthur.
Robin Hood characterizes the rebellion of the feudal system in medieval England. Plays and games based on Robin Hood became common during May Day celebrations around the beginning of the 15th century. Historians place his actual existence in the 12th or 13th century, though there is little evidential basis for this theory.Learn More
Robin Hood was probably an amalgam of different outlaws living sometime during the 12th and 13th centuries, not long after the Normans conquered England. Later medieval chroniclers seem to believe he was real, but their stories of him change too much to ascribe reliability to them.Full Answer >
American folklore legends come from several media, including oral traditions, ballads, literature and historical mythology. The most-famous legends often center around mythic figures such as Paul Bunyan, Casey Jones or John Henry. They occasionally involve monstrous creatures as well, such as prehistoric entities like Bigfoot, the Jersey Devil or the cryptozoological mystery of Champ, the beast of Lake Champlain.Full Answer >
Examples of Spanish nursery rhymes are "Los Pollitos Dicen," "Aserrin Aserran," "Pin Pon es un Muneco" and "Tengo una Muneca." "Los pollitos dicen" translates to "the little chicks say" in English. "Aserrin aserran" translates to "saw, sawdust," "Pin Pon es un muneco" translates to "Pin Pon is a doll" and "tengo una muneca" translates to "I have a doll."Full Answer >
Pegasus, griffins, basilisks, hippogriffs and rocs are all examples of mythical flying creatures. Pegasus, the winged horse from Greek mythology, may be the best known of the bunch.Full Answer >