Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque pioneered the Cubist art movement between 1907 and 1914. The movement ignored traditional techniques and attempted to show objects as they are rather than as they seem. The three main characteristics of Cubism are geometricity, passage and simultaneity.Know More
Many art historians believe Picasso's "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon," painted in 1907, is the first real Cubist painting, but French art critic Louis Vauxcelles conceived of the term "Cubism" after seeing landscapes Braque painted in 1908 inspired by impressionist painter Paul Cezanne. The landscapes featured geometric forms, or cubes. Instead of copying nature or using perspective, modeling and foreshortening, Picasso and Braque explored ways of depicting the fourth dimension. They reduced people and objects into their geometrical components, overlapped and interpenetrated planes and provided viewers with multiple points of view of a person or object.
The four periods of Cubism include Early Cubism or Cezannisme, from 1908 to 1910, Analytic Cubism, from 1910 to 1912, Synthetic Cubism, from 1912 to 1914 and Late Cubism, which began in 1915 and continues today. Early Cubist work featured right-angle and straight-line construction and simple and monochromatic color schemes. Later Cubist artists combined and synthesized forms, emphasized smooth and rough surfaces and color, and often pasted non-painted objects, such as newspapers or tobacco wrappers, on the canvas. Cubist paintings typically feature letters, musical instruments, bottles, pitchers, glasses, newspapers, still life, and the human face and figure.Learn more about Fine Art
Pablo Picasso was an artist who became famous for his use of cubism and his modern approach to painting. Picasso's career spanned more than 70 years.Full Answer >
While Pablo Picasso may be best known as one of the pioneers, along with George Braques, of the Cubism style of art, the Spanish painter and sculptor also painted in many other styles. Before Cubism, he went through a so-called Blue Period, which was a depressing time for him, in which he pioneered a style that was punctuated by a series of paintings featuring hues of the color blue. "Blue Nude" is a well-known example.Full Answer >
Salvador Dali was a Spanish Surrealist painter who lived from 1904 to 1989, and he is most known for his painting "The Persistence of Memory," in which he depicted melting clocks. Dali unknowingly made his secretaries millionaires, as he refused to pay them a salary and only offered them commissions, which they later cashed for huge sums of money.Full Answer >
Totem poles originated among the native people in the Pacific northwest section of North America, though the custom of poles was passed to other tribes. Poles are carved from cedar and typically are between 3 feet and 60 feet tall. Totem poles were introduced during ancient times. However, modern versions have been created, such as in reaction to the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska's Prince William Sound.Full Answer >