Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque pioneered the Cubist art movement between 1907 and 1914. The movement ignored traditional techniques and attempted to show objects as they are rather than as they seem. The three main characteristics of Cubism are geometricity, passage and simultaneity.Know More
Many art historians believe Picasso's "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon," painted in 1907, is the first real Cubist painting, but French art critic Louis Vauxcelles conceived of the term "Cubism" after seeing landscapes Braque painted in 1908 inspired by impressionist painter Paul Cezanne. The landscapes featured geometric forms, or cubes. Instead of copying nature or using perspective, modeling and foreshortening, Picasso and Braque explored ways of depicting the fourth dimension. They reduced people and objects into their geometrical components, overlapped and interpenetrated planes and provided viewers with multiple points of view of a person or object.
The four periods of Cubism include Early Cubism or Cezannisme, from 1908 to 1910, Analytic Cubism, from 1910 to 1912, Synthetic Cubism, from 1912 to 1914 and Late Cubism, which began in 1915 and continues today. Early Cubist work featured right-angle and straight-line construction and simple and monochromatic color schemes. Later Cubist artists combined and synthesized forms, emphasized smooth and rough surfaces and color, and often pasted non-painted objects, such as newspapers or tobacco wrappers, on the canvas. Cubist paintings typically feature letters, musical instruments, bottles, pitchers, glasses, newspapers, still life, and the human face and figure.Learn more about Fine Art
Pablo Picasso used a number of mediums, including sculpture, drawing, printmaking and ceramics; however, he is most notable for his paintings. Picasso used house paint for many of his paintings.Full Answer >
While Pablo Picasso may be best known as one of the pioneers, along with George Braques, of the Cubism style of art, the Spanish painter and sculptor also painted in many other styles. Before Cubism, he went through a so-called Blue Period, which was a depressing time for him, in which he pioneered a style that was punctuated by a series of paintings featuring hues of the color blue. "Blue Nude" is a well-known example.Full Answer >
Pablo Picasso was an artist who became famous for his use of cubism and his modern approach to painting. Picasso's career spanned more than 70 years.Full Answer >
Some of the most popular works of art of the 20th century time include Pablo Picasso's "Les Demoiselle d'Avignon," Salvador Dali's "The Persistence of Memory," Andy Warhol's "Campbell's Soup Can" and Grant Wood's "American Gothic." The 20th century encouraged the development of both modern and contemporary art.Full Answer >