Q:

What is the Formalist approach to literature?

A:

The Formalist approach to literature, or Formalism, is a broad branch of literary criticism that seeks to examine a text on its own terms, independent of the text's societal or authorial context. Formalism accomplishes this examination by evaluating the formal aspects of a text. There are several subdivisions within the realm of Formalism, the most notable of which are New Criticism, Russian Formalism and New Formalism.

Russian Formalism was the first branch of Formalism. It began in Russia between 1910 and 1930. The movement was led by Viktor Shklovsky and Roman Jakobsen.

In the United States, Formalism began in the 1930s with New Criticism. New Criticism was spearheaded by a group of intellectuals at Vanderbilt University, called The Fugitives. At the head of The Fugitives was John Crowe Ransom, who published a book called "The New Criticism" in 1938. Both of these groups focused on the grammatical, syntactical, poetical and formal aspects of texts.

New Formalism began in 1985 with the article "The Yuppie Poet" in the Associated Writing Programs newsletter. As of 2014, New Formalism is the most contemporary wave of Formalism. New Formalism developed as a reaction to contemporary mainstream poetry that had abandoned notions of rhyme and meter.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What is a historical approach to literature?

    A:

    The historical approach to literature uses the social implications, cultural events and intellectual levels that produced a work in an attempt to understand it. Often, this requires the critic to know the biography and education level of the author. The main goal of this approach is to comprehend how the original readers of the work understood and intended it.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the importance of studying literature?

    A:

    Studying literature involves reading, discussing, thinking and writing, helping students to improve in those areas. It also encourages students to think critically, specifically for the discussing and thinking components.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why should we study literature?

    A:

    Students should study literature to gain knowledge of the traditions and cultures associated with the time period in which the literature was produced. In addition, exposure to literature can improve a student's comprehension and reading abilities and help them to identify literary devices, such as the concepts of rhythm and beats within writing.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is attitude in literature?

    A:

    Attitude in the field of literature, also referred to as tone, is the way in which authors approach subjects and situations. As with other aspects of communication, the tone that authors use can cover a variety of emotions. Some authors change tone throughout the length of their works to emphasize various character roles while others maintain a dominant tone from cover to cover.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore