Q:

What was the Great Compromise?

A:

The Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise, was the result of a debate among delegates that decided how much representation each state should have in Congress. Delegates gathered at the Constitutional Convention in 1787 to reach a compromise on this issue. The Great Compromise affected the formation of Congress and the House of Representatives.

Prior to the Great Compromise, delegates envisioned only one law-making branch of the government. Most delegates agreed that representatives from each state should be a part of this branch, but no agreement could be reached regarding how much each state should be represented. Most delegates from larger states favored the Virginia Plan. This plan determined the extent of state representation by the population of a state. On the other hand, smaller states were in favor of the New Jersey Plan that would require all states to be represented in Congress equally, regardless of the number of citizens in a state.

A compromise was reached when Connecticut delegate Roger Sherman proposed the creation of a two-chambered Congress. This led to the creation of the House of Representative. Today, each state is represented by two senators and several members of the House of Representatives. The amount of representatives for each state is determined by the population of the state.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What was the result of the Great Compromise?

    A:

    The most visible effect of the Great Compromise of 1787, also called the Connecticut Compromise after the two delegates from that state who proposed it, was to set the shape of the American government's representative structure. It was an agreement worked out between large states, such as Virginia and New York, and small states, such as Rhode Island and New Hampshire, to split the Congress between proportional and general representation.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What did the Great Compromise establish?

    A:

    The Great Compromise, sometimes called the Connecticut Compromise, established a bicameral legislature in the United States and assisted in the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Through this compromise, small states got equal representation in the Senate, to which each state sends an equal number of senators. Larger states, however, got more power in the House of Representatives, whose members are selected based on population.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the Great Compromise of 1787?

    A:

    The Great Compromise of 1787 was a measure proposed at the United States Constitutional Convention of 1787, which created a system for proportional representation in the House of Representatives, while maintaining equal representation in the Senate. This measure satisfied representatives from both large and small states, who did not want their citizens to be underrepresented in the new government.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What institution in Congress was created by the Great Compromise?

    A:

    According to the Bill of Rights Institute, America's Great Compromise was responsible for creating a dual system of congressional representation. Each state has two senators while representation in the House of Representatives is based on state population.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore