Q:

What is Hades' family tree?

A:

Hades, the Greek god of the Underworld, is the son of Cronus and Rhea. His brothers are Zeus, the leader of the Olympians, and Poseidon, the god of the sea. His sisters are Hera, Zeus's wife and goddess of marriage and family, Demeter, goddess of agriculture, and Hestia, the goddess of home and family.

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Hades kidnapped his niece Persephone, who was the daughter of his brother Zeus and sister Demeter, and took her to the Underworld. There, he bound her by tricking her into eating pomegranate seeds, and she became his wife and queen of the Underworld. Hades's children are The Furies, Dionysus and Makaria. The Furies are three goddess sisters who represent the various types of vengeance: anger, grudging and avenging. Dionysus is the god of wine and ecstasy. Makaria is the goddess of death. Cronus and Rhea, Hades's parents, were among the primordial gods known as the Titans. They are the parents of the Olympian gods. Although Hades is the god of the Underworld, he is not the god of Death. Rather, he rules the realm where souls whose bodies have received a proper burial cross into. Without a proper burial, however, souls are not permitted to cross into Hades's Underworld.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How did Poseidon become the god of the sea?

    A:

    According to the "Iliad" of Homer, when the three sons of Cronus and Rhea divided up the world by lot, Zeus became the god of the sky, Hades became the god of the underworld, and Poseidon became the god of the sea. In Greek mythology, Poseidon was not only the god of the sea and water, but also of earthquakes and horses.

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  • Q:

    What special powers did the Greek goddess Hera have?

    A:

    As Queen of the Olympians and wife of Zeus, Hera's special powers were varied and far-reaching; transmogrification, asexual reproduction, disguise, banishing mortals to Hades and the summoning of fierce and legendary creatures (such as Hydras and Dragons) were all attributed to her by various myths. She was considered the goddess of women and marriage, and to a lesser extent the skies. In depictions, although Hera is more difficult to identify than the other Olympian goddesses, she is typically seated wearing a crown and veil while holding a royal scepter.

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  • Q:

    What were the characteristics of Hades?

    A:

    One characteristic of Hades was that, with some exceptions, it was a dark, gloomy and generally cheerless place. It was found beneath the earth and was served by five murky, equally dark rivers.

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  • Q:

    What are the powers of Hades?

    A:

    Hades was the God of the Underworld and as such could stop death, summon ghosts and raise the dead. He was known as God of the Underworld.

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