The Filipino literary contemporary period is characterized by the use of native languages as the main tool of literary expression rather than foreign languages. The contemporary period began in the 1960s but truly began to flourish following the end of the martial-law dictatorship in 1986.Know More
The Philippines were first invaded by the Spanish in 1521, followed by the United States in 1898 and the Japanese in 1941. Filipino literature transformed to take on the occupiers' language during these times.
A rich culture of folk narratives and traditions served as the foundation of Filipino literature prior to the Spanish invasion in 1521. With the Spanish invasion, these native literary traditions were undermined and replaced with Spanish language traditions. One of the most heralded Filipino writers, Jose Rizal, wrote all his works in Spanish when he called for a revolution against Spanish occupation.
With the invasion of the United States in 1898, the language for literary works turned to English, and new literary forms were introduced, including the short story, essay and free-verse poem. Many Filipino writers during this period attended American and British schools and brought Western literary traditions back to the Philippines. English was suppressed during the Japanese occupation in 1941 and replaced with Japanese literary traditions until 1946, when the Philippines became independent.
The contemporary movement toward the use of native languages in Filipino literature was slow to begin due to the oppressive martial-law dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos from 1972 to 1986. However, following the end of the dictatorship, the Philippines undertook an effort to resurface their native language literary history, and the Philippine Commission on Higher Education made it obligatory to teach Philippine literature to students.Learn more about Literature
Greek literature is characterized by its groundbreaking genres, ranging from poetry to drama, and its strict forms of meter. Greek literature includes the development of epic poems, lyrical poems, comedic dramas, tragedies, philosophies and historical writings. The genres often dealt with political issues, gods and historical legends of wars and warriors.Full Answer >
Renaissance literature is characterized by a tendency toward humanist, or nonreligious, topics. The period as a whole marked a dramatic shift away from strict adherence to Church doctrines, and much of the literature of the era, such as Shakespeare's "Hamlet," depicts secular philosophical struggles with topics such as individuality, death and morality.Full Answer >
According to the National Commission for Culture and the Arts, Philippine literature was influenced during the American regime in two developments, including culture and education. The first was the introduction of a free type of public instruction that was for all children of school going age. The second was the utilization of the English language in all public schools.Full Answer >
The different literary periods in Philippine literature include the pre-colonial period, the Spanish colonial era, the American colonial era and the contemporary period. Literature in the Philippines evolved as part of the country's changing history.Full Answer >