The importance of the Renaissance painter Raphael Sanzio is that his paintings went beyond the previous work of his contemporary, Michelangelo, by combining subtleties, a greater clarity of form and softer shading to create a more realistic rendering of his figures. He also infused his own sense of grace into his figures and avoided the air of tension often found in Michelangelo's depictions. Raphael's work is known and admired for his ability to visually capture the Neoplatonic and Renaissance ideal of human grandeur.
The work of Raphael, along with that of Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, represents an expression of the philosophical outlook of the period of time between the late 15th and early 16th centuries known as the High Renaissance. Raphael's best-known work is arguably the wall fresco "School of Athens." In this work, the artist depicts the seven liberal arts: dialectic, rhetoric, music, arithmetic, geometry, astrology and grammar. This large and complex composition is regarded as one of the greatest works created in the grand manner of the High Renaissance.
Although his influence was overshadowed by his contemporary Michelangelo during his time, it was generally held by the mid-16th century that Raphael was the ideal balanced painter whose work satisfied all standards and obeyed all of the rules accepted as governing the creation of art. Raphael's greatest influence on other artists came during the late 1600s to the late 1800s during which time his perfect sense of balance and decorum were highly admired.Learn More
Renaissance art is best characterized as a form focusing on Christian religious imagery using the classical influences of ancient Greek and Roman art and applying scientific and mathematic principles to create depth and realism in works. Renaissance artists were often both scientific and creative.Full Answer >
Medieval and Renaissance art differ in size and shape of human figures, depictions of environment and interpretations of three-dimensional drawings. Medieval and Renaissance cultures varied significantly, which sparked the difference in artistic drawings and paintings by artists of those historical periods. Medieval art focused less on accuracy and realistic impressions of humans by emphasizing drawing people according to social status instead and depicting different religious events in single scenes.Full Answer >
David Hockney is one of the most important artists of the 20th century due to his influence on the Pop Art movement in the 1960s through his paintings and photography. Hockney grew up in Britain, but moved to Los Angeles in the late 1960s after visiting there earlier in the decade.Full Answer >
The main difference in fine art and applied art is that fine art is intended to create beauty and pleasure in looking while applied art is intended to be an aesthetic approach to performing a specific duty. Fine arts are able to be seen and can be produced for the sole purpose of pleasing the senses while applied arts are the act of doing something proactive.Full Answer >