Irony refers to the unexpected, and there is plenty of the unexpected in Edgar Allan Poe's classic tale "The Tell-Tale Heart," beginning with the fact that the narrator (who is also the killer) is only driven to homicide by his employer's eye, rather than the entire person. The ending is also ironic with the fact that the sound the narrator hears at the end of the story, and which drives him to tear up the floorboards and reveal his victim's corpse, is not audible to anyone else in the room.Know More
Three different types of irony appear in literature: irony of situation, verbal irony and dramatic irony. The first type is the one that occurs in "The Tell-Tale Heart," as the second refers to people saying things that they do not mean, while the third refers to situations in which everyone (including the audience) knows what is going on except for one character.
The narrator is the servant of the person whom he kills, and it is some feature like a cataract in the man's eye that has driven the narrator to murder. When he goes in to look at the old man at night, when the eye is closed, he is unable to kill the man. It is the night when he makes a noise at the door, and the old man wakes up, revealing the eye, that the old man dies. It is the old man's scream that gets attention from the neighbors, but not before the narrator has time to chop up the body and hide it under the floorboards. Ironically, his own guilty conscience, combined with his insanity, compels him to tear up the floor because he claims that he hears his victim's heart, still beating.Learn more in Classics
Edgar Allen Poe wrote "The Tell-Tale Heart" in order to demonstrate his theory of composition. This theory states that short stories should be relatable, controlled and compressed. According to Poe, short stories should be readable in a single sitting. Because of this, "The Tell-Tale Heart" is only 10 paragraphs long.Full Answer >
The irony in Edgar Allan Poe's story "The Black Cat" stems from his spoken love for his wife and cat and the eventual murder of both. In this story, the irony comes from a conflict between what the narrator says and does.Full Answer >
An example of personification in "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" occurs near the beginning when the narrator describes the "angry echoes" that occur after he shoots a gun. This comparison is personification because the narrator gives the non-human echoes the human characteristic of anger.Full Answer >
In Geoffrey Chaucer's "The Pardoner's Tale," the pardoner's greed and dishonesty are excellent examples of situational irony. Situational irony occurs when someone does the opposite of what he is expected to do. In this instance, the pardoner is disrespectful and hypocritical while claiming to be a man of God.Full Answer >