Islamic art is a reflection of how Muslims view the spiritual world and the universe as a whole. The focus of Islamic art is the spiritual representation of objects and living beings, rather than their physical form.Know More
For Muslims, reality, as well as art, centers around Allah. Artists and their audience use art as a vehicle to get closer to Allah. Beauty, as represented by art, is one of the qualities of the divine.
Common to all Islamic art is the use of geometric patterns. Geometry is seen as spiritual because the use of patterns conveys the infinite nature of Allah and the universe; for example, complex geometric design gives the impression of infinity. Circles, seen as having no beginning or end, are used as a reminder that Allah is infinite.
Because Islam is integral to every part of life, Islamic art is integrated into everyday objects. It makes these objects beautiful and reminds the viewer of the importance of Islam by incorporating religious art into objects that are viewed in daily life. The ornamentation of these everyday items with a seemingly-infinite pattern helps to dissolve the individual object into the infinite whole and emphasizes the importance of the small individual within it.Learn more about Fine Art
In art, repetition is the recurrence of a particular line, pattern, shape or other visual element in a single work or a series of works. It is often used to establish authority or meaning for a particular element.Full Answer >
Critiquing art involves analyzing the planning and construction of a work, its primary points of emphasis, relationships among subjects, how the work relates to current events and to other works, the originality of the work, aesthetics, the ideas represented, and the feelings it elicits in viewers. Elements involved in the critique depend on the type of art reviewed. For example, botanical art is often judged on accuracy, lighting and composition.Full Answer >
In the sense that art presents direct and indirect perspectives on society, all art can be described as "political art." A modern definition of political art refers to works with obvious political figures and subjects that are used to express critique of the status quo.Full Answer >
As defined by Russian mystic George Gurdjieff, objective art is any painting, poem, piece of music or other artistic work created with deliberate conscious effort, free of subjective influence. Gurdjieff cites the paintings of Leonardo da Vinci and the Taj Mahal as two major examples of objective art.Full Answer >