Stained glass windows were a way to add beauty and to provide narrative information to those who looked at them. Churches, particularly those from medieval times, often had stained glass windows because they were both sites of worship and learning.
It has been suggested that the process of coloring glass dates back to the first century. Records indicate that colored glass was used in Christian churches as early as 348 A.D. The first use in Great Britain dates to 540 A.D., while the oldest existing colored window glass in Italy dates to around 800 A.D. It came into wider use during the Middle Ages, when stained glass adorned many Gothic-style churches. However, many early stained glass windows in Britain were destroyed during the Reformation period.
The glass used in cathedrals, abbeys and churches offered aesthetic beauty but was also used to depict Biblical stories. During that Middle Ages in particular, when literacy rates were low, churches often served as education centers. The windows eventually came to not only depict religious scenes and stories but also served to increase the reputations of the glass artisans who created them and the wealthy benefactors who paid for their creation and installation.
The use of stained glass windows lost popularity for a period. Both religious institutions and private persons sought artisans, such as Louis Comfort Tiffany, to create these glass works, particularly during the 1800s.Learn More
There are 10.826 feet in a story before rounding. The normal choice is to allow 10 feet for every story, although this tends to vary based on the choice of individual architects. Taller ceilings can result in a greater distance between stories.Full Answer >
Over 100 pyramids exist in Egypt today, the Pyramids of Giza being the most famous. The exact number of pyramids is not available due to many of them being relatively unknown.Full Answer >
Among cathedrals worldwide bearing the name Saint Paul, the most well-known is St. Paul's Cathedral in London, an Anglican cathedral where visitors can climb 528 steps to the Golden Gallery. This gallery, the uppermost point of the building, circles the exterior of the dome and provides views of the city.Full Answer >
There are 12 columns along the North Portico, which was added to the White House in 1829; four are lined up along the front, four are flush with the structure and two support each side. The rounded South Portico of the White House, built in 1824, has six columns.Full Answer >