Mathematics is the foundation of architecture. The relationship between math and architecture dates back to the earliest examples of man's building of functional structures. In ancient Byzantine, Egyptian, Greek, Islamic and Roman societies, mathematicians were architects, and architects were mathematicians. Mathematicians were called upon when great structures like pyramids, stadia, temples, ziggurats and irrigation projects were to be designed and built.Know More
Without mathematics in any historical epoch, structures would lack integrity. For a building to have strength and stability, it must have precise angles, wall lengths and roof measurements.
Architectural aesthetics or beauty is largely dependent on mathematics. Architects like Louis Sullivan added ornamental designs to buildings to enhance their beauty. Such designs employed symmetry, geometric shapes, fractals and other wallpaper-type patterns that derive from mathematics.
Contemporary architects use computer software engineered specifically for architecture involving partial derivatives, multiple integrals and systems of differential equations. This type of math is also helpful in adding volume to rooms under specific constraints or maximizing the amount of sunlight entering a room. Such mathematical principles and formulas enable architects to make rooms and buildings appear and feel a certain way to their occupants. These principles also provide architecture with utility and enable the architect to ensure that the purpose of the building is evident.Learn more about Architecture
On a basic level, architecture is important to society because it provides the physical environment in which we live. At a deeper level, architecture provides an expression of human civilization at a fixed point in time, which endures as a monument for study by future generations.Full Answer >
Though they did not invent it, the Romans are widely recognized for perfecting the arch. They were also famous for their column designs and for integrating columns into building design as a means of support. The Romans are also responsible for the widespread use of concrete and marble as a building materials.Full Answer >
A 3-tier architecture is an electronic business application system that relies on presentation, logic, and data tiers. By contrast, an n-tier architecture is an application system that relies on multiple tiers broken up into smaller subsets. N-tier architecture is based on the 3-tier architecture system, and was developed to incorporate different technologies, especially the Internet, into the existing structure.Full Answer >
The Baroque style had many characteristics, but the foliage motifs, the marquetry and the putti are some of the most recognizable features. The word "putti" is Italian for "boys," and it refers to the popular use of infants resembling cherub in many Baroque pieces.Full Answer >