Michelangelo's "Moses" has horns because of a mistranslation of a Hebrew word. The word actually means "shining," but a mistranslation in the Latin Vulgate version of the Bible led to a long misunderstanding of Moses's physical attributes.
The Vulgate was a fourth-century Latin translation of the Bible widely used for centuries in the Roman Catholic Church. Therefore, the idea that Moses had horns was widespread among early Christians, a notion which made some sense in context of other Mesopotamian religious figures who were often portrayed with horns. Because of this misunderstanding, many artistic depictions of Moses from before and during the Renaissance depict Moses with horns.Learn More
The Age of Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, influenced the arts by gradually replacing the complexity and opulence of the baroque style with the simplicity and clarity of neoclassicism. The Enlightenment also awakened a general interest in the various arts as mediums of expression.Full Answer >
The importance of the Renaissance painter Raphael Sanzio is that his paintings went beyond the previous work of his contemporary, Michelangelo, by combining subtleties, a greater clarity of form and softer shading to create a more realistic rendering of his figures. He also infused his own sense of grace into his figures and avoided the air of tension often found in Michelangelo's depictions. Raphael's work is known and admired for his ability to visually capture the Neoplatonic and Renaissance ideal of human grandeur.Full Answer >
A number of positive space initiatives in universities and colleges work to create receptive, welcoming environments for bisexual, gender variant, intersex, gay, lesbian, questioning, transgender, transsexual and two-spirit communities and individuals. The University of British Columbia and George Brown College are two institutions that emphasize the importance of positive space.Full Answer >
Pablo Picasso was an artist who became famous for his use of cubism and his modern approach to painting. Picasso's career spanned more than 70 years.Full Answer >