While most Philippine literature was written under the significant influence of the occupying Spanish powers during the 1800s, there is also a viable body of work written in the 20th and 21st centuries that makes an important contribution to world literature, which makes it a worthwhile culture to analyze. Philippine literature includes poetry, metrical romances, educational and religious prose, religious and secular drama and modern nationalist literature.Know More
While the indigenous language of the Philippines is Tagalog, it was not until the Spanish government brought free public education to the archipelago in 1863 that literacy became widespread and literature became a possible area of emphasis in the Philippine culture. Early Philippine poems included corridos and awit, two types of poems meant to provide entertainment and edification.
"The Panunuluyan" was written in Tagalog and is the dramatization of Mary and Joseph's quest to reach Bethlehem. "Cenaculo" dramatizes the final day of the life of Jesus Christ, while "Salubong" puts the meeting of the risen Jesus and Mary on the stage.
Secular dramas included "The Karagatan," which is a play about the courage of men trying to win the hand of a young woman.
Modern writers of note include Claro Mayo Recto and Wenceslao Retana in essay and drama, as well as Guillermo Gomez Wyndham and Antonio M. Abad in fiction.Learn more about Classics
Great literature is a story that encapsulates the time period in which it was written, while maintaining universal themes regarding human existence. Great literature is able to do this through artistic prose that is accessible to the reader while representative of the character.Full Answer >
Some distinguishing characteristics of Elizabethan literature are the writers' use of blank verse and satire. During this period in history, sonnets and poetry became popular forms of writing.Full Answer >
William Shakespeare is known for writing plays and poems during his career. He wrote tragic, comedy, romantic and history plays among the 38 plays with which he is credited. His poems included long narratives and sonnets.Full Answer >
Students should study literature to gain knowledge of the traditions and cultures associated with the time period in which the literature was produced. In addition, exposure to literature can improve a student's comprehension and reading abilities and help them to identify literary devices, such as the concepts of rhythm and beats within writing.Full Answer >