Nonfunctional art is art that serves no utilitarian purpose. It is in direct contrast with functional art, which has both an aesthetic value and a utilitarian purpose.Know More
Sometimes found in unlikely places, functional art could include items such as sofas, books or lighting fixtures. This type of art takes usable objects and incorporates high-minded aesthetic sensibilities.
Nonfunctional art, on the other hand, is everything else. Marchel Duchamp's readymades serve as functional art's diametrical opposites: Duchamp took utilitarian objects such as urinals and stripped them of their utility. The readymades became art pieces through conceptual edict rather than innate artistic merit. Though collectors may keep functional art pieces on a display shelf, the works are intended to serve a purpose.
Nonfunctional art also encompasses paintings, sculptures and all manner of fine art. These pieces usually seek to engage with the viewer on an intellectual, emotional or aesthetic level. The exploration of these sensibilities, rather than their utilitarian merits, determines the artworks' worth.
Functional art objects are also popular collector's items, even when they have lost their utilitarian value. Objects such as ancient Chinese vases are valued more for their aesthetic merits than their usefulness. The delineation between fine art and functional art began to collapse with the rise of the Bauhaus movement in 1919, and institutions such as the Museum of Modern Art continue to interrogate the division between nonfunctional art and functional art.Learn more about Fine Art
Cubism was an early 20th century art form that rebelled against the basic artistic techniques of perspective, modeling and foreshortening. Rather than trying to imitate life, Cubist artists highlighted the flatness of the canvas, fracturing their subjects into geometric forms viewed from multiple angles. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque are generally recognized as the creators of Cubism.Full Answer >
Critiquing art involves analyzing the planning and construction of a work, its primary points of emphasis, relationships among subjects, how the work relates to current events and to other works, the originality of the work, aesthetics, the ideas represented, and the feelings it elicits in viewers. Elements involved in the critique depend on the type of art reviewed. For example, botanical art is often judged on accuracy, lighting and composition.Full Answer >
Art appreciation involves having an understanding of all of the qualities that comprise a great work of art. Art appreciation classes can be enjoyed by everyone from art experts to complete novices.Full Answer >
Batik is a dyeing technique that uses wax and dye to pattern fabric. While wax dyeing is traditional in countries throughout Asia and Africa, batik refers specifically to Indonesian fabric art.Full Answer >