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What is Renaissance art?

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Renaissance art emerged in Italy in the late 14th century, which is also known as the Renaissance period, and is represented through paintings, sculpture, architecture and other decorative art forms. It was named after the period of time during which many parts of Europe saw a renewed interest in learning about classical Roman and Greek culture and is highlighted by Italian masters like Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael.

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Florence and Rome were the important epicenters for Renaissance art with Florence taking the lead during the 15th century with many merchant families commissioning great works of art throughout the city. The Medici family presided over Florence during the golden age of the city and sculptures adorn the city's Piazza della Signoria. In the beginning of the 16th century, Rome took center stage with the well-known Italian masters. Pope Leo X was a member of the Medici family and resided in Rome during the time. Leonardo da Vinci is considered the ultimate Italian master with infamous works including The "Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper" fresco.

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  • Q:

    What are some characteristics of Northern Renaissance art?

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    Northern Renaissance art is highly detailed in nature and technically advanced. It was created in England, Germany, France, Germany and other countries north of the alps during the 15th and 16th centuries.

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  • Q:

    What was the importance of Raphael's contribution to Renaissance art?

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    The importance of the Renaissance painter Raphael Sanzio is that his paintings went beyond the previous work of his contemporary, Michelangelo, by combining subtleties, a greater clarity of form and softer shading to create a more realistic rendering of his figures. He also infused his own sense of grace into his figures and avoided the air of tension often found in Michelangelo's depictions. Raphael's work is known and admired for his ability to visually capture the Neoplatonic and Renaissance ideal of human grandeur.

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  • Q:

    What was the Renaissance?

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    The Renaissance is defined as an intellectual movement that originated in Italy during the end of the Middle Ages, explains "Mediæval and Modern History." It served as a rebirth of enthusiasm in art, literature and learning in general. This enthusiasm sparked a cultural revolution which spread throughout Europe.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between fine art and applied art?

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    The main difference in fine art and applied art is that fine art is intended to create beauty and pleasure in looking while applied art is intended to be an aesthetic approach to performing a specific duty. Fine arts are able to be seen and can be produced for the sole purpose of pleasing the senses while applied arts are the act of doing something proactive.

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