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What is Renaissance art?

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Renaissance art emerged in Italy in the late 14th century, which is also known as the Renaissance period, and is represented through paintings, sculpture, architecture and other decorative art forms. It was named after the period of time during which many parts of Europe saw a renewed interest in learning about classical Roman and Greek culture and is highlighted by Italian masters like Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael.

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Florence and Rome were the important epicenters for Renaissance art with Florence taking the lead during the 15th century with many merchant families commissioning great works of art throughout the city. The Medici family presided over Florence during the golden age of the city and sculptures adorn the city's Piazza della Signoria. In the beginning of the 16th century, Rome took center stage with the well-known Italian masters. Pope Leo X was a member of the Medici family and resided in Rome during the time. Leonardo da Vinci is considered the ultimate Italian master with infamous works including The "Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper" fresco.

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  • Q:

    What are the characteristics of Renaissance art?

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    Renaissance art is best characterized as a form focusing on Christian religious imagery using the classical influences of ancient Greek and Roman art and applying scientific and mathematic principles to create depth and realism in works. Renaissance artists were often both scientific and creative.

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  • Q:

    How do Medieval and Renaissance art differ?

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    Medieval and Renaissance art differ in size and shape of human figures, depictions of environment and interpretations of three-dimensional drawings. Medieval and Renaissance cultures varied significantly, which sparked the difference in artistic drawings and paintings by artists of those historical periods. Medieval art focused less on accuracy and realistic impressions of humans by emphasizing drawing people according to social status instead and depicting different religious events in single scenes.

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  • Q:

    How did Michelangelo contribute to the Renaissance?

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    Michelangelo created works of art during the Italian Renaissance period that were intense and provided a blend of physical realism and psychological insight, many of which have been well-preserved over the years. He received commissions from a number of rich and powerful men in his day.

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  • Q:

    What did Michelangelo contribute to art?

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    Michelangelo was an Italian painter, sculptor and architect of the Renaissance period who contributed a great deal to art, particularly his David and Pietà sculptures, as well as the Sistine Chapel ceiling painting. Michelangelo was born on March 6, 1475, in Caprese, Italy.

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