Roman architecture consisted of numerous structures, styles and utilitarian solutions that are still used in modern times. For example, the Romans popularized the use of the dome and the arch. Their use of aqueducts and sewage systems revolutionized the science of civil engineering.Know More
One of the most notable influences of Roman architecture on modern constructions is the use of columns. American courthouses often feature a column design that evokes the buildings of Rome. Arches are also a major Roman contribution to western architecture. Although the Romans did not come up with the arch (the structure dates all the way back to Mesopotamia in the second millennium B.C.), they made widespread use of it in an unprecedented way. Whereas previous cultures had only sporadically used the arch for underground drains, the Romans applied it to gates, bridges and aqueducts. Roman aqueduct systems were the most ambitious projects of their kind in the ancient world and have greatly influenced modern public water systems.
The Roman sanitation system was innovative as well. Running water flowed through latrines (an early precursor to the toilet) and carried waste through a complex network of drains to a nearby stream. Although the knowledge of this sewer system was lost during the Dark Ages, engineers and architects of the modern era developed public waste disposal methods very similar to what the Romans used. Modern architecture is also indebted to ancient Rome for pioneering the use of concrete.Learn More
The primary differences between Northern Renaissance art and Italian Renaissance art were the emphasis placed on religion and anatomical extent to which the human body was portrayed. Northern Renaissance artists were more religious in their approach, while Italian artists were more secular. Too, science was an area in which many Italian Renaissance painters had great interest, and that interest tended to find its way into their art.Full Answer >
Materials used to construct the Eiffel Tower include wrought iron, steel and paint. Wrought iron forms the majority of the tower structure while steel provides additional support and paint adds aesthetic appeal along with protection from corrosion.Full Answer >
Floor load capacity is a measure of the amount of weight a floor can hold while also preserving its structural integrity. It is measured in terms of pounds per square inch.Full Answer >
The statement "London bridge is falling down" refers to the deterioration of the London Bridge. The statement does not refer to a particular bridge, as London Bridge was the name given to several 19th century bridges that spanned the River Thames. Although different materials were used to build or repair the bridges, they continued to deteriorate. "London Bridge is Falling Down" is also a nursery rhyme and game.Full Answer >