Though they did not invent it, the Romans are widely recognized for perfecting the arch. They were also famous for their column designs and for integrating columns into building design as a means of support. The Romans are also responsible for the widespread use of concrete and marble as a building materials.
The Romans were particularly well known for the construction of aqueducts and amphitheaters. Roman aqueducts in particular are still used as models for the construction of modern-day bridges. They also invented the basilica. Basilicas, as imagined by the Romans, were not churches but merely spaces for large gatherings. Roman homes made use of stucco and painted interior walls.
The Pantheon is one of the most famous examples of Roman architecture. It is renowned for its dome, which relies solely on its design to support the massive rounded structure. Since marble was sturdy and readily available, the Romans used it regularly when building. Once Romans realized that concrete, a material they used primarily as a filler, provided ample support for modern structures, they began using it widely as a building material. They began constructing with concrete blocks, which they figured out were much more economical than the marble that they had previously favored.Learn More
The influence of ancient Greek architecture is evident in almost every style of architecture in use today. Any building that uses columns, such as the White House, can trace the roots of its architectural style to ancient Greece.Full Answer >
Architects are licensed professionals who design houses, office buildings and other structures, and they must have a bachelor's degree, design ability and computer skills to succeed in this profession. Statistics provided by the U.S. Department of Labor put the median pay for an architect in 2012 at $73,090 per year.Full Answer >
The number of seats available varies per show, but the max seating of 19,763 is available during basketball games, as of 2014. With the exception of basketball, ice hockey and concerts, all seating maximums depend on the size of the event.Full Answer >
Modernism is often characterized by its plain geometric forms and its emphasis on the layout, location and function of the structures themselves. Modern architecture emerged in the late 19th century and began to reach maturity and acceptance in the early 20th century.Full Answer >