To set out a building, establish the layout of the building on the site. Stake out the corners of the building and use rope between each stake. If the building is very large or a complex shape, grid it out using stakes and ropes in smaller rectangles or squares. Then do the same thing for the inner profile of the building's walls in order to accurately pour the foundation.Know More
Setting out a building is the first stage of construction at a new site and is used to mark where the foundation trenches will be dug and the position of the walls on the concrete foundation. When setting out a building, it is very important to make sure all the measurements are exact. Do this by using the buildings plans. Study them and find fixed points to use as measurements.
In order to find the center dig, measure half the thickness of the proposed wall along its inside profile and mark it with a nail. Use an upright level and a straight edge to mark the ground for the foundation digger to work with. It is important to never rush this stage as it would cause numerous problems later on in the build.Learn more about Architecture
Construction of the Taj Mahal cost more than 32 crore rupees, according to Tajmahal.org.uk, which in today's currency is more than $200 million dollars for the building and its surroundings. More than 20,000 workers contributed, and construction took place over a 22-year period from 1631 to 1653.Full Answer >
The key to constructing an earthquake-resistant building is to minimize the forces acting upon it, rather than to maximize the strength of the building itself. Among the methods used to accomplish this are base isolation systems and energy dissipation devices.Full Answer >
The superstructure of a building is the part that is entirely above its foundation or basement. It is the part of the building that is above ground level, and it usually serves the purpose of the building's intended use.Full Answer >
Purlin function as a form of support for rafters and are horizontal structural members in a building, architecture or structural engineering. They are used to increase roof spans without the need for increasing rafter sizes or compromising wall stability.Full Answer >