To set out a building, establish the layout of the building on the site. Stake out the corners of the building and use rope between each stake. If the building is very large or a complex shape, grid it out using stakes and ropes in smaller rectangles or squares. Then do the same thing for the inner profile of the building's walls in order to accurately pour the foundation.Know More
Setting out a building is the first stage of construction at a new site and is used to mark where the foundation trenches will be dug and the position of the walls on the concrete foundation. When setting out a building, it is very important to make sure all the measurements are exact. Do this by using the buildings plans. Study them and find fixed points to use as measurements.
In order to find the center dig, measure half the thickness of the proposed wall along its inside profile and mark it with a nail. Use an upright level and a straight edge to mark the ground for the foundation digger to work with. It is important to never rush this stage as it would cause numerous problems later on in the build.Learn more about Architecture
The superstructure of a building is the part that is entirely above its foundation or basement. It is the part of the building that is above ground level, and it usually serves the purpose of the building's intended use.Full Answer >
A multi-story building is a building that supports two or more floors above ground. There is no formal restriction on the height of such a building or the number of floors a multi-story building may contain, though taller buildings do face more practical difficulties.Full Answer >
A frost wall is a type of wall that adds no structural integrity to the building, but acts as an insulator. It is typical to see frost walls placed in basements since most basements are made of nothing more than cement and brick, which does not provide much insulation.Full Answer >
The key to constructing an earthquake-resistant building is to minimize the forces acting upon it, rather than to maximize the strength of the building itself. Among the methods used to accomplish this are base isolation systems and energy dissipation devices.Full Answer >