A shape in art is a closed line that is limited to two directions: width and length. It is defined by other elements of art: form, space and value. A shape can be geometric, which means it is mathematically determined, or organic, which means it is created by nature.Know More
The simplest way to outline the shape of an object is its shadow. Recognizable shapes are called naturalistic or realistic. Shapes that are difficult to identify are abstract.
Shapes can be positive and negative. A positive shape is the one formed by the object itself. The one formed by the space around the object is the negative shape. The combination of positive and negative shapes gives people the image of what they see.
Artists use this capability of the human brain to create optical illusions. For example, an object on a two-dimensional surface seems to exist in three dimensions, and a white and black drawing can seem colourful. Also, it can be difficult to distinguish between a figure and the ground in an image because both make sense and are recognizable objects. M. C. Escher, P. Picasso, H. Matisse and K. Walker are the most famous artists for creating dual shapes in their works.
The boundaries of an artwork are important for perception. For instance, a painting of a tree on a background of a distant mountain gives an impression of open air and vast space. If the same tree and mountains are painted as if in a window frame, the natural elements seem more distant, which does not offer a feeling of open space.Learn more about Fine Art
In art, texture appeals to the sense of touch and is the tactile feeling of an art piece. Both two-dimensional and three-dimensional art forms use texture to convey themes of the work.Full Answer >
The main difference in fine art and applied art is that fine art is intended to create beauty and pleasure in looking while applied art is intended to be an aesthetic approach to performing a specific duty. Fine arts are able to be seen and can be produced for the sole purpose of pleasing the senses while applied arts are the act of doing something proactive.Full Answer >
Ottoman art is similar to early Islamic art because of the use of geometric patterns and the emphasis on decorative arts that have practical uses, such as textiles and vases. Ottoman art is known for using variations on the arabesque, a stylized leafy or floral pattern.Full Answer >
Critiquing art involves analyzing the planning and construction of a work, its primary points of emphasis, relationships among subjects, how the work relates to current events and to other works, the originality of the work, aesthetics, the ideas represented, and the feelings it elicits in viewers. Elements involved in the critique depend on the type of art reviewed. For example, botanical art is often judged on accuracy, lighting and composition.Full Answer >