In "Dream Variations," Langston Hughes wants a carefree life free of discrimination and prosecution. The first stanza describes his dream and the feelings he enjoyed in the past. In the second stanza, the poet is dreaming after a long day's hard work, and this dream is incomplete.Know More
Hughes was an important literary figure and prominently contributed to the Harlem Renaissance. His writings primarily covered the time period of the 1920s through the 1960s. Most of what he wrote offered colorful and insightful portrayals of black life in America.
The first stanza of "Dream Variations" talks about the poet's dream of enjoying games in a sunny place, moving and dancing until the happy day ends and finding rest under a tall tree until darkness falls. The second stanza speaks to his reality. It talks about working despite the sun being hot and being so busy that the day passes by very quickly. Dancing, in this stanza, represents hard labor. When night finally comes, it is painful because it reminds him that he is black, and not white. He cannot rest under a tall tree because he lives in the city. This poem is a longing, reminiscing look back at Africa and the freedom of a less complicated world.Learn more about Poetry
Frequently referred to incorrectly as "Dreams" or ""Dream Deferred," the poem "Harlem" by Langston Hughes first appeared in print in 1951. The short poem appeared originally as part of the poetry collection titled "Montage of a Dream Deferred."Full Answer >
As a poet, novelist and critic, Langston Hughes helped shape the Harlem Renaissance. He became the first black American to earn his living by writing and giving public lectures. He wrote a series of books about a man named Simple and contributed to the Chicago Defender and New York Post.Full Answer >
Langston Hughes' famous "Refugees in America" was first published in the Saturday Evening Post in 1943, addressing issues of equality for all Americans. At a time still long before the Civil Rights Movement, during a war when the army of the United States was still segregated, Hughes' poem reflects upon the most idealized dreams of American life. It also reflects on the failure to achieve balance across races.Full Answer >
Langston Hughes was one of the most prominent black poets of the Harlem Renaissance. His accomplishments include publishing his first poem, "The Negro Speaks of Rivers," to critical acclaim; winning several major literary awards for his poems, plays, short stories and novels; founding theaters; teaching at universities; and being a major contributor to the Harlem Renaissance and helping to shape American literature.Full Answer >