Graciano Lopez Jaena's "Fray Botod" portrays a bloated, hypocritical priest as a metaphor for the abuses of the Catholic Church as part of Spanish rule in the Philippines. Jaena is, to this day, a beloved figure in the Philippines and considered a father of the revolution against Spanish rule.Know More
The priest in "Fray Botod" uses religion to exploit and oppress his subjects. A man of vast and morally questionable appetites, he takes advantage of his position to pursue everything from drunkenness and gluttony to exploitative relationships with young girls. The titular character neglects his parish duties, pursues gambling, threatens and punishes college students arbitrarily, treats workers barbarously, and generally conducts business in a wholly corrupt fashion.
Written when Graciano Lopez Jaena was 18, "Fray Botod" can be loosely translated as pot-bellied friar. Jaena left the Philippines in 1880, shortly after the publication of "Fray Botod," to study medicine in Spain under pressure from Spanish authorities. As a caricature and satire on Spanish rule in the Philippines, and the oppressive influence of the Roman Catholic Church, the story was symbolic and became an irritant to the Spanish authorities and an inspiration to the Philippine Propaganda movement. This was a cause Jaena became closely associated with even in exile from his home country.Learn more about Fiction
"The Story of Griselda" from Giovanni Boccaccio's novel "Decameron" is about a woman whose husband tests her loyalty by convincing her that he killed their children and by kicking her out of their home. Because she remains loyal to him, he invites her to return home and reunites her with their children.Full Answer >
"Priscilla and the Wimps" by Richard Peck approaches the issue of bullying in a public school setting. Priscilla, a large student at her school, befriends a smaller boy named Melvin, who is often bullied by a group of students led by Monk Klutter. Throughout the story, Priscilla and Melvin conflict with Monk and his group until the end of the story, where Priscilla stuffs Monk into her locker and leaves him there.Full Answer >
The story "Federigo's Falcon" tells of a talented young man who falls into poverty while trying to woo the woman he loves. Even in poverty, he continues to give his all to her, and after many trials, the two are married.Full Answer >
"Holes", by Louis Sachar, follows Stanley Yelnats, a middle school boy wrongfully accused of stealing sneakers. For his punishment, he chooses to go to Camp Green Lake, where all the juvenile boys are forced to dig huge holes in the dry lake.Full Answer >