Ibalon is a Philippines epic that comes from a fragment of 60 stanzas that is said to be the source of the Philippines indigenous identity and the story follows the hero Handiong as he conquers the land of Ibalon, transforming it into the Bicol it is today. The Ibalon epic was first transcribed by Spanish friars who heard the story in its original oral tradition form from the people of Bicol themselves.Know More
It is not sure whether or not the story is authentic or not. Nevertheless, it has been embraced by the Bicol people. Handiong brought order and civilization to the wild area, but he also destroyed the land and all of the creatures that lived there. Forests disappeared as new settlements grew. The story shows the cautionary tale of man ignoring nature and forgetting to find a balance between conquest and living peacefully in harmony with nature.
Handiong is responsible for domesticating creatures in order to survive, but he learns this through his wife, Oryol. Oryol is a snake woman who is the god of the underworld. When she sees all of the destruction that Handiong is doing and all of the harm that is coming to the animals, she cuts off her tail and agrees to marry him in order to help domesticate the Sarimao creatures ensuring that they live.Learn more in Poetry
Rudyard Kipling's poem "If--" is a poem that advocates confidence, honesty and fortitude, laying out for the reader the things he must do if he is to maintain his self-control and become a man. The poem lays out a list of situations in which the reader is challenged in many personal areas, meeting with "Triumph and Disaster" and overcoming both. Each situation is paired with Kipling's concept of the right response to the challenge.Full Answer >
Carl Deuker's novel "Runner" is the story of Chance Taylor, a high school senior who could have been a terrific athlete. However, because his mother left home and his father is an alcoholic, Chance now runs drugs and other contraband to bring money into the house.Full Answer >
In "Dream Variations," Langston Hughes wants a carefree life free of discrimination and prosecution. The first stanza describes his dream and the feelings he enjoyed in the past. In the second stanza, the poet is dreaming after a long day's hard work, and this dream is incomplete.Full Answer >
According to Thucydides, Pericles' funeral oration said that democracy makes it so people can better themselves through merit rather than class or money. He further says that democracy guarantees privacy and equal justice for all.Full Answer >