Totem poles originated among the native people in the Pacific northwest section of North America, though the custom of poles was passed to other tribes. Poles are carved from cedar and typically are between 3 feet and 60 feet tall. Totem poles were introduced during ancient times. However, modern versions have been created, such as in reaction to the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska's Prince William Sound.Know More
Totem poles serve a variety of purposes. House frontal poles are placed at the entrance to dwellings or are the actual doorways. Mortuary poles are both headstones and graves because they honor the deceased and hold the remains. A memorial or commemorative pole is used to honor an important leader who has died. Shame polls are less common and were originally carved to scorn debtors. However, the 1989 Alaskan shame pole was created to protest the existence and handling of the Exxon oil disaster.
Human, animal and supernatural figures are carved on totem poles. They often show family relationships, display family symbols and indicate clan membership. Contrary to popular belief, a totem pole does not tell a story like a book. Rather, it contains information that is interpreted through the knowledge of a family's history. Although the phrase "low man on the totem pole" is commonly used to indicate inferior status, no particular position on the pole has any consistent meaning among the original carvers.Learn more about Fine Art
Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque pioneered the Cubist art movement between 1907 and 1914. The movement ignored traditional techniques and attempted to show objects as they are rather than as they seem. The three main characteristics of Cubism are geometricity, passage and simultaneity.Full Answer >
The Statue of Liberty was first publicly displayed in 1876 at Philadelphia’s Centennial Exposition, when the right arm and torch were exhibited. In 1878, the head was displayed at the Paris World Fair. France presented the statue, called "Liberty Enlightening the World," to the United States in 1886. The United States supplied the pedestal. The statue is a representation of Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom.Full Answer >
Salvador Dali was a Spanish Surrealist painter who lived from 1904 to 1989, and he is most known for his painting "The Persistence of Memory," in which he depicted melting clocks. Dali unknowingly made his secretaries millionaires, as he refused to pay them a salary and only offered them commissions, which they later cashed for huge sums of money.Full Answer >
Important facts about Antoni Gaudi include that his most famous work is the basilica known as La Sagrada Família in Spain. Seven of his buildings, including the basiclica, can be found in Barcelona, Spain.Full Answer >