William Shakespeare wrote a total of 38 plays over the course of his lifetime, which can be divided into the genres of tragedy, history and comedy. Nearly half of Shakespeare's plays were unpublished until around 1623, when the First Folio was published posthumously.
Shakespeare was well known for his extensive use of wordplay and humor. His plays were also famous for including the idea of a soliloquy, where the main character provides a long speech either to himself or to the audience. These speeches offered insight to what the character was thinking and any future motivation.
Some of the most famous Shakespearean plays include Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello and A Midsummer Night's Dream.