Graciano Lopez Jaena was a famous 19th century Filipino author and political activist. His writings span multiple media, but they generally concern social justice issues in his home country of the Philippines and an ardent desire to see it free from Spanish rule. Lopez Jaena's writing career was cut short at the age of 40, when he died of tuberculosis.Know More
Originally planning to become a doctor, Lopez Jaena was rejected by the University of St. Thomas, though he later found an apprenticeship at a local hospital where he learned some medicine. Funding soon ran out, however, and his family had nothing to offer by way of monetary support. According to the University of Vienna, it was then that Lopez Jaena started treating the local poor and was struck by the squalor and injustice all around them. At 18, he wrote an incendiary piece called "Fray Botod," in which he showcased the hypocrisy and corruption of a local priest. Soon Lopez Jaena's written work began attacking local political officials and calling for reform. Pressure from authorities eventually forced the young author to relocate to Spain, where he moved into a career in journalism. His work included acting as first editor of the propaganda newspaper Solidarity, as well as producing a published anthology of his speeches and articles. Other notable literary works included "The Daughter of the Friar" and "Hope."
It is possible that Lopez Jaenas' death by tuberculosis ultimately allowed him to cheat the executioner. In the coming months, two of his fellow Filipino propagandists, Marcel H. del Pilar and Jose Rizal, met their ends by firing squad. Two years later, the Philippines gained independence from Spain.Learn more about Literature
Buddhist writings are divided into two distinct types: sutras and suttas, and each type has a large number of writings. The sutras, such as the Mahayana Sutras, are considered to be actual sayings of Buddha while the suttas, such as Books of the Eights, are sacred texts from other sources.Full Answer >
Thomas Jefferson was not a solider during the Revolutionary War; instead he fought diplomatic battles with his writings. He is one of the founding fathers of the United States because his essays inspired colonists to seek independence from Great Britain.Full Answer >
Aristotle was one of the most important ancient Greek philosophers, best known for his writings that cover a wide variety of subjects, such as metaphysics, music, politics and poetry. Aristotle was a student of Plato and the mentor of Alexander the Great.Full Answer >
There is no real indication that the so-called "Lost City of Atlantis" actually ever existed as the origins for the myth surrounding the fictional city can be traced back to the writings of the Greek philosopher Plato, who wrote about a continent called Atlantis in 360 B.C. Although there is no real proof that Atlantis ever existed, there have been numerous reports of researchers or explorers supposedly finding the site of the lost city, and there are some scholars who believe that the city was real. For example, in 2011, Phillip Reeder, a professor at the University of South Florida, announced that he found what he believed to be the former site of Atlantis in Spain's Donana National Park.Full Answer >