Wealthy ancient Egyptians wore amulets, chains, necklaces, pendants, earrings, bracelets, anklets, rings and pectorals fashioned from gold, silver, glass and precious stones with symbolic meanings. The poor wore jewelry made from painted clay, stones, shells, animal teeth and bones. Their jewelry was ornamental but also served religious functions with specific materials, colors and designs associated with different gods and goddesses.Know More
The ancient Egyptians placed great significance on the power and magic of jewelry, particularly jewelry meant to be worn in the afterlife. Heartscarabs, a type of amulet placed over the heart, played an important role in their religion; it protected the heart and prevented it from being separated from the deceased in the afterlife. The heartscarab could be inscribed with a spell that the deceased recited to protect himself from the Weighing of the Heart Ceremony.
The ancient Egyptians wore turquoise, lapis lazuli and feldspar for good luck and amethysts for happiness. While belief in the symbolism of gemstones is common throughout the world, the ancient Egyptians believed that their jewelry imbued the wearer with magical strength or drew good fortune their way. Their jewelry also protected them from disease and warded off evil. Between this widespread belief and the ubiquitous presence of jewelry, the ancient Egyptians developed highly sophisticated methods of making jewelry as exemplified by Tutankhamun's mask.Learn more about Historical Dress
Most times, ancient Egyptian pharaohs wore fine linen aprons or kilts, known as a shendyt. To display their power, prestige and association with the gods, pharaohs wore different clothes than the nobles and common people. First found in the 4th Dynasty, these kilts were covered with fine accordion pleating and wrapped counter-clockwise around the king's body. On their feet, pharaohs wore elaborate sandals made of feathers.Full Answer >
Ancient Egyptian soldiers ate fruit, vegetables, meat and cakes sweetened with honey. They also ate staple foods, such as bread, beans, onions, fish and garlic. Meals were often served with wine and beer. Cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, geese and other fowl were commonly raised for meat and dairy.Full Answer >
Although soldiers at the beginning of Egypt's New Kingdom period wore no armor, they began to wear bronze or leather helmets and armor after they defeated Hyksos. Around the same time, they went from using primitive weapons to more effective weapons like spears, swords and daggers.Full Answer >
The Ancient Egyptians used a few types of coffins, including the cartonnage mummy case, anthropoid coffin and sarcophagus derived from the Greek words "sarx" and "phagien" for "flesh-eating." Body parts were placed inside canopic jars.Full Answer >