In the Middle Ages, queens wore clothing inspired by the fashions of women in ancient Greece and Rome. They often wore two tunics, a long bottom one and a shorter top one cinched with a belt, and favored closed-toe shoes, trailing coats and caps made of linen with lappets hanging over the shoulders.Know More
Fashion did not change much during the Middle Ages, but between 1400 and 1500, fashion for women shifted from long dresses with trains to floor length hemlines. Sleeves also became longer, and they were often embroidered or fringed. Queens of the era adorned themselves with gold, silver, pearls and precious stones.
Dresses or tunics of the era were often very fitted, and they frequently went up to the neck. Additional coverage was provided by a band that was tied under the chin and attached to a hat. Tight jackets reaching just to the hip line were trimmed in fur and worn over tunics.
Queens as well as men from the nobility wore bands around their shoes to emphasis the shape of their feet. The bands were tied like straps from Roman sandals.
During the crusades, queens and other women began carrying purses which were silk bags tied to their belts with a cord.Learn more in Historical Dress
Most notably, the '90s saw a shift towards minimalism after the materialistic '80s. Fashion strove to express individuality, which reflected in a decade-long decline in retail sales. Fashion rules relaxed, and clothing styles became more casual overall, including in the workplace. Silhouettes slimmed down and became more fitted. As the decade progressed, clothing became more understated.Full Answer >
During the 1800s, women's fashion underwent several major changes. The beginning of the century saw empire gowns with narrow bodices and short sleeves, but these were abandoned with the introduction of stays and cinches. As waists narrowed, skirts and sleeves expanded to create an exaggerated hourglass shape, and petticoats added further bulk to skirts. During the '80s and '90s, jerseys and kilted skirts that displayed the body became fashionable.Full Answer >
During the 1800s, men's fashion became more conservative with greater emphasis on darker shades. Velvet and silk were replaced by leather and plain cloth. Breeches reached the ankle and coats with high collars appeared. The top hat fell out of fashion as more men began wearing tricorn hats. Black low-heeled riding boots were very popular, as were laced shoes.Full Answer >
Dominant fashion trends in the 1850s included fitted suits for men and dresses with huge skirts for women. The sewing machine had just been invented, and with this new technology, even the most elaborate clothing could be made faster.Full Answer >