Knit fabrics contain loops of fibers that allow the material to stretch in one or both directions, while woven fabrics only stretch on the bias. In knit fabrics, a continuous loop of yarn is used to construct the material, giving it a braided appearance. In woven fabrics, multiple strings of yarn cross each other, creating the appearance of a basket weave.Know More
There are two types of knitted fabrics: weft-knitted and warp-knitted. Weft-knitted fabrics are constructed by looping long strings of yarn together by hand or using a machine. This type of knit is used to make socks and T-shirts. Warp-knitted material is constructed of yarn that interlocks vertically. This type of knit stretches less than weft-knitted material, and it is used to make swimwear and underwear.
Woven fabrics are constructed using yarn in a combination weft and warp weave. In a weft weave, the yarn goes across the width of the fabric, while a warp weave goes down the length of the loom. There are three types of woven fabric: plain-weave fabric, twill-weave fabric and satin-weave fabric. In a plain weave, the warp and weft are aligned, forming a crisscross pattern. A twill weave features a weft and warp pattern that is offset to create a diagonal pattern on the fabric's surface. A satin weave uses a complex arrangement of warp and weft threads to create a smooth, shiny surface.Learn more about Clothing
Remove chewing gum from leather by applying soap suds to the gum, scraping the gum off of the material, drying the leather and applying a leather cleaner. You need detergent, water, a sponge, a clean cloth and leather cleaner. Removing the chewing gum should take less than 30 minutes.Full Answer >
Native Americans added fringe to their jackets to repel rainwater that might have otherwise penetrated the material through the seams. Buckskins, or the hides of deer, were also used historically to make pants, chaps and other garments for warmth and protection.Full Answer >
Leather is animal hide that has been specially treated, while leatherette is a synthetic material designed to mimic leather. Leather is typically cow hide that has been cleaned, soaked in lime and tanned in chromium salts. Leatherette is typically one of two popular synthetic materials: vinyl or polyurethane.Full Answer >
"Tartan" is the word used for a checkered pattern, and "plaid" is the word used for a piece of cloth that has a checkered pattern on it. The two terms are nearly interchangeable.Full Answer >