To effectively carry out their role of removing rough and dry cuticles from nails, cuticle removers consist of two main ingredients, potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide. These alkaline ingredients are caustic and work by dissolving the dead skin around the nail to allow for easy removal of cuticles.Know More
Cuticle-removing products are specially formulated to soften and break down the dead skin from the sensitive nail plate. To carry out that function, cuticle removers have an acidic pH that is greater than 12.
Due to the aggressive nature of potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide, many people opt for a gentle alternative cuticle remover that consists of alpha hydroxy acids instead. Alpha hydroxy acids are natural acids that are derived from milk or plants. These acids are glycolic, maleic, lactic and citric acids. As exfoliants, the alpha hydroxy acids work by breaking down the cuticles so that they can be gently pushed away.
Despite their relative mildness, cuticle care products containing alpha hydroxy acids can still cause skin irritation. Cuticle removers containing potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide cause dryness and irritation if left on the skin for an extended period. In addition, they are poisonous when ingested and small children should be kept away from such products. Caution should be exercised when using any cuticle-removing product.Learn more about Nail Care
The chemical equation for soap is a fat, such as stearol, plus a strong base, such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide. This produces glycerol and crude soap, which consists of sodium or potassium salts of fatty acids. The reaction that occurs in making soap is called saponification.Full Answer >
A biuret reagent is a mix of either sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide and copper sulfate. The reagent is used in the biuret test, which determines whether there is protein present in the sample.Full Answer >
Octagon Soap is made of lye, which is an alternative name for sodium hydroxide, caustic soda or potassium hydroxide. The chemical compound of lye is NaOH, and it is extracted from the ashes of logs of oak and bushes that grow fruit.Full Answer >
To do a gel manicure, apply gel bonder and foundation, dry the nails under a UV lamp, apply colored polish and let it dry, apply a clear gel topcoat, and cure it under the lamp. This 45-minute procedure requires cotton pads, nail cleanser, a UV lamp, bonder, gel foundation and gel polishes.Full Answer >