To effectively carry out their role of removing rough and dry cuticles from nails, cuticle removers consist of two main ingredients, potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide. These alkaline ingredients are caustic and work by dissolving the dead skin around the nail to allow for easy removal of cuticles.Know More
Cuticle-removing products are specially formulated to soften and break down the dead skin from the sensitive nail plate. To carry out that function, cuticle removers have an acidic pH that is greater than 12.
Due to the aggressive nature of potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide, many people opt for a gentle alternative cuticle remover that consists of alpha hydroxy acids instead. Alpha hydroxy acids are natural acids that are derived from milk or plants. These acids are glycolic, maleic, lactic and citric acids. As exfoliants, the alpha hydroxy acids work by breaking down the cuticles so that they can be gently pushed away.
Despite their relative mildness, cuticle care products containing alpha hydroxy acids can still cause skin irritation. Cuticle removers containing potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide cause dryness and irritation if left on the skin for an extended period. In addition, they are poisonous when ingested and small children should be kept away from such products. Caution should be exercised when using any cuticle-removing product.Learn more in Nail Care
Some common examples of acids are hydrosulfuric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydrochloric acid, hydroiodic and hydrofluoric acid, while some common bases are calcium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, barium hydroxide, ammonium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. The acidity or basicity of a substance is measured on the pH scale. Acids increase the concentration of hydronium ions when dissolved in water, whereas bases decrease it.Full Answer >
A biuret reagent is a mix of either sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide and copper sulfate. The reagent is used in the biuret test, which determines whether there is protein present in the sample.Full Answer >
The chemical equation for soap is a fat, such as stearol, plus a strong base, such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide. This produces glycerol and crude soap, which consists of sodium or potassium salts of fatty acids. The reaction that occurs in making soap is called saponification.Full Answer >
The easiest way to whiten your nails naturally is to scrub them with a mixture of baking soda, hydrogen peroxide and lemon juice. The supplies you need for this 55-minute procedure are a small bowl, measuring spoons, warm water, hydrogen peroxide, a lemon wedge, baking soda, an old toothbrush, hand towels, moisturizing balm and cotton gloves.Full Answer >