Dented fingernails are usually caused by an underlying health conditions, such as psoriasis, eczema, alopecia areata and Reiter Syndrome. These diseases affect the growth of the nail in the nail matrix or cause a loss of some cells.Know More
Nail imperfections such as dents or pits can have a number of causes. However, the way the nail is damaged can help indicate the problem. Horizontal dents that appear at the base of the nail and grow outwards occur when something stops the nail growth. When the growth starts up again, the nail appears to have a horizontal dent. Possible causes include vitamin deficiency, trauma to the nail bed, psoriasis, alopecia areata, and Reiter Syndrome, as stated by MedGuidance .
Nail pitting often appears as small pin prick, or circular dents in the nail. There may only be one or two or a large number of these dents. The cause is a loss of parakeratotic cells in the nail plate, as stated by DermNet NZ. Health conditions indicative of this particular type of denting are psoriasis, eczema, reactive arthritis and alopecia areata.
Some health conditions can produce two or more types of nail imperfections, such as psoriasis. The appearance of minor imperfections is not usually something to worry about. However, more serious or chronic nail pitting and dents should be examined by a doctor.Learn more in Nail Care
Vitamin supplements and intensive moisturizers can help harden brittle fingernails. Protecting the nails from caustic substances and trauma can also contribute to overall nail health.Full Answer >
Fingernails are made of multiple layers of a strong material called keratin. Keratin is a protective protein produced by the body. It consists of proteins that form filaments and enzymes.Full Answer >
Discolored fingernails can be a symptom of a fungal infection. There are also a few disorders that can cause nail discoloration, as noted by MedicineNet.Full Answer >
Fingernails can split for various reasons. Onychoschizia is a common condition that causes horizontal splits within the nail plate. The condition is sometimes accompanied by onychorrhexis, a condition that causes long-wise splitting or ridging of the nail. Together, these two conditions are called brittle nail syndrome.Full Answer >