The advantages of a monoculture are its simplicity and efficiency. The disadvantages are the increased pressures from diseases and lack of biodiversity that can threaten crops.Know More
A monoculture is the cultivation of a single crop on an area of land that is not used for any other purpose. This agricultural practice is used primarily for food varieties that dominate the marketplace, according to PBS, and it has several advantages and disadvantages.
Advantages of a monoculture
As a monoculture comprises a single crop, its cultivation is simpler and more efficient than simultaneously farming multiple crops in the same area. There is a focus of agricultural resources on only one species during planting, growing and harvesting, which can give some monocultures an economic advantage.
Disadvantages of a monoculture
There is more pressure from diseases and pests in a monoculture because they can spread more effectively as it is easy for them to find a host plant, as described by the University of Zurich. The lack of biodiversity of a monoculture makes it less adaptable to changes in the environment, so a single threat can destroy an entire crop. Monocultures are less effective than mixed plant communities when it comes to exploiting all the nutrients available in soil, water, light and fertilizer.Learn more about Agriculture
According to My Agriculture Information Bank, mixed farming is advantageous because it allows farmers to diversify and spread risk, enables recycling and prevents dependence on external inputs, reduces the spread of diseases and pests through biodiversity, leads to high profits, guarantees work throughout the year and enhances a farmer's social status. The utilization of equipment, labor and land is very efficient in mixed farming enterprises.Full Answer >
Fish farming has the advantage of providing a consistent supply of fish for food and providing a source of income and employment. Disadvantages of fish farming include possible water pollution and the need to provide feed for the fish.Full Answer >
Fertilizers can expedite plant growth and provide economic benefits to farmers and nurseries, but they can also introduce toxic substances into the environment. Fertilizers make plants and crops grow more quickly and appear greener, fuller and healthier. However, they often contain synthetic chemicals, which do not biodegrade upon entering surrounding waterways and the atmosphere.Full Answer >
Modern agriculture has vastly increased the amount of food that farms are capable of producing with great gains in efficiency, but it can also have a major negative impact on the environment. Large-scale farms are vital for keeping the world fed, but they can devastate local ecosystems through clearcutting and runoff, which often releases methane, ammonia and other toxic chemicals into the environment.Full Answer >