"Agriculture" is the cultivation of land for effective crop growth and raising of livestock. Farmers engage directly in agriculture by preparing soil, planting crops, harvesting those crops and preparing them for transportation. They also bale hay, grow pastures and buy seed to raise livestock.Know More
The word "agriculture" was coined in the 15th-century, but the process of cultivating the land to grow food has been in existence for much longer. Early farmers developed crops and livestock mainly to feed their families and local people. In contrast, modern agriculture, especially in the United States, is dominated by big business. Farming families do consume some of what they produce, but much of it is sold, whether in local markets or through national and global distribution channels.
While farming production dominates much of the topic of agriculture, agronomy is also an important element. Agronomy is a field of science that studies soil conditions and crop production. Agronomists conduct natural and lab-based research to evaluate how different crops grow under certain conditions. Agronomists work in academia, for private corporations and for public agencies that provide grants. The research they develop and publish helps push agriculture forward. Machines, seed, pesticides and irrigation systems are all core elements of agriculture that advance based on scientific research.Learn more about Agriculture
As of 2012, Minnesota produces more turkeys than any other state. It is one of six states that produce two-thirds of the turkeys raised in the United States. North Carolina, Arkansas, Virginia, Missouri and Indiana follow Minnesota in turkey production.Full Answer >
A producer cooperative is typically made up of multiple producers working in different types of enterprises, such as fishing, forestry and craft workshops. Each member of the cooperative is an independent producer from each other and can use the agreement to take different kinds of actions.Full Answer >
There are a few disadvantages to organic farming, such as the fact that it produces much lower yields than conventional farming, which in turn decreases the availability and increases the price. Organic fruits and vegetables often cost as much as 15 to 20 percent more than non-organic. It is also thought that the organic farms are less efficient at getting their product to market, sometimes leading to lower quality goods.Full Answer >
Extensive subsistence agriculture refers to an agricultural technique where a vast expanse of land is cultivated to yield minimal output of crops and animals for the primary consumption of the grower's family. The produce that is grown using this farming method is not sold in the market for monetary value.Full Answer >