Wages, work hours, environment and hiring practices are a few aspects of employment subject to employment laws, according to the U.S. Department of Labor. Pregnancy protections, child labor and medical leave are also regulated by law. The DOL and individual state labor agencies propose and enforce employment regulations.
The Fair Labor Standards Act establishes a minimum wage for U.S. employees. Individual states can also set a minimum wage, and federal law dictates employees are entitled to the higher of the two, notes the DOL. It further indicates that employees are entitled to 1.5 times their pay rate for work performed in excess of 40 hours per week.
The Occupational Safety & Health Administration works to ensure the safety of chemicals, workplace equipment and training for U.S. employees. The agency requires that employers provide guidelines to educate employees about hazardous materials and situations in their workplaces as well as the protocols to deal with them, according to OSHA.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission oversees discrimination in the workplace. Hiring and promotion decisions must exclude considerations of race, color, national origin, age, religion, sex, disability, genetic information or anything else not directly tied to ability, according to the EEOC. Pregnancy is also protected, so employers may not fire, demote or otherwise punish employees for pregnancy. Workers with serious or chronic illnesses are also protected by law from adverse hiring and promotion decisions.Learn More
Federal law does not require employers to give employees a break during work hours, according to the U.S. Department of Labor. State laws vary as to how long an employee works between breaks. A 30-minute meal break for every five to six hours worked is standard in those states that do have such laws in place.Full Answer >
Employment contracts are commonly used in three ways: to control the employee in some way, sweeten a job offer and guarantee at-will employment. However, employment contracts tend to be the exception rather than the rule.Full Answer >
Although most Americans who work full time work 40 hours per week, 30 hours and above actually constitutes full time employment for the purpose of determining benefit eligibility.Full Answer >
Writing an employment reference letter for an employee requires creating a business-style letter, knowledge of the employee's accomplishments, and a professional tone. Do not discuss the employee’s weaknesses. The letter needs to focus on the employee’s achievements.Full Answer >