A cash crop is a crop that is grown to sell and not to be used by the farmer. Tobacco and cotton are two examples of cash crops.
Cash crops are distinguished from subsistence crops, which a farmer uses for the sustenance of his or her family. Different regions are ideal for different types of cash crops. For example, farmers in temperate climates tend to grow grains, such as wheat and oats, and fruits, such as strawberries and apples, as cash crops while farmers in tropical climates opt for items like coffee and tea. In the era of globalization, cash crops are growing more and more common as an interlocking global economy allows farmers to focus on one plant instead of a diversity of plants.Learn More
The primary advantages of crop rotation include preserving fertile soil, enhancing the health of crops and minimizing the amount of pests, while the primary drawbacks and challenges include lingering fungi and pests. Another major drawback is the time involved in preparing the soil for new crops.Full Answer >
Between the end of the Civil War and the 1930s, Southern cotton farmers used the crop-lien system for credit so that they could survive until the crop came in each year. Tenant farmers and sharecroppers who were not landowners had to get food and supplies on credit from local business owners. When the cotton crop came in, these merchants had a lien on the crop, and they received the first share of the profits, with the leftovers going to the farmer.Full Answer >
Crop rotation is important to cotton farmers because it promotes nutritionally balanced soil and larger harvests. Cotton places great demands on soil because it depletes many of its nutrients, especially nitrogen. This quickly renders the land unsuitable for many other crops. Regularly switching crop locations reduces the negative impact cotton has on arable ground and promotes large harvests of valuable cotton.Full Answer >
According to WebMD, possible disadvantages of genetically modified crops include environmental hazards such as the creation of herbicide-resistant weeds, altering the nutritional content of food, resistance of crops to antibiotics, the presence of toxins and allergens and the risk of contamination between modified and unmodified crops.Full Answer >