Q:

What are the different branches of agriculture?

A:

Branches of agriculture include aqua farming, farming, apiculture or beekeeping, fishing, forestry, ranching and whaling. Forestry is further divided into the four categories of agroforestry, analog forestry, forest gardening and forest farming. Agronomy is the science of producing plants for uses such as food, fuels, fiber and feed. Animal husbandry refers to raising and breeding livestock.

Agriculture is classified by the type of life produced or harvested, and it is thought of as sustainable or conventional. Conventional agriculture involves the use of modern technology to produce plants. These include inorganic fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides. It also requires altering the natural environment of land with techniques such as mono-cropping and eliminating diversity among crops.

Sustainable agriculture promotes maintaining the natural environment of the land using techniques that promote ecological principles. Polycropping, or planting a variety of crops, is commonly used. Different plants have different harvesting periods, the land is not left bare and the risk of soil erosion is reduced. The use of pesticides is either reduced or eliminated.

In the United States, conventional agriculture is the type of agriculture most used. Some crops are grown with a specific type of agriculture. Soybeans and wheat are more likely to be grown through conventional agriculture. Beets and squash are more likely to be grown using sustainable agriculture.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    What are the disadvantages of shifting cultivation?

    A:

    The primary disadvantage of shifting cultivation, also called slash and burn or swidden agriculture, is the destruction of large areas of land, primarily crop fields and tracts of forest. When performed improperly, slash and burn can make once-fertile lands unable to support the new growth of crops and plants. Slash and burn may cause environmental and economic consequences by reducing the growth potential for crops in certain areas, which limits the variety and quantity of agricultural goods farmers can produce.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is shifting cultivation?

    A:

    Shifting cultivation, also known as slash and burn agriculture, is an agricultural system that involves clearing a section of land and using it for farming activities for a relatively short time before abandoning it. Farmers then typically shift their agricultural operations to a new section of freshly cleared land.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the different types of irrigation?

    A:

    The different types of irrigation include surface irrigation, localized irrigation, ditch irrigation, sprinkler system and center pivot irrigation. The main idea behind irrigation is to use the minimum amount of water possible to take care of lawns or gardens. Water is an indispensable resource that needs to be conserved properly.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are different types of cropping patterns?

    A:

    Cropping patterns include mixed farming, multiple cropping, sole cropping, monoculture and crop rotation. The type of cropping pattern used will depend on the crop type as well as soil quality and availability of rainfall.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore