The eight elements of communication are source, message, encoding, channel, decoding, receiver, feedback and context. This model was developed by communication theorists Claude Shannon, Wilbur Lang Schramm and Robert Craig, among others.Know More
The source is the living or non-living thing attempting to share information. This is where the intended communication originates. The message is simply the information that is being communicated. Encoding is the process of bundling the message into an effective package that is easily understandable for the intended audience. Once the message is encoded, the source delivers the message through a channel, which may be verbal, non-verbal, personal, non-personal or some combination of these categories.
The message is ultimately received and decoded by the receiver. If the message has been crafted properly by the source, the receiver has no problem decoding and understanding the message. Therefore, the source judges its success based on the feedback it gets back from the receiver. This feedback presents an opportunity to learn and hone the process for continued communication success.
Finally, there is context, which encompasses the environment in which the message is delivered. Whether it is the language used or the channel selected, context is extremely important to the effectiveness of communication.Learn more about Business Communications
"Concreteness" in communication means a person's message is specific, to the point and definitive. It is the opposite of being vague or non-specific. Concrete communication is important in both personal and professional interactions to ensure the recipient of a message has a clear sense of the sender's intent.Full Answer >
Vertical communication in an organization is communication that flows up and down through the organization's hierarchical structure, from the general workforce up through middle management and higher management and back down again. It is the opposite of horizontal communication.Full Answer >
Both formal and informal communication are ways people interact, both on personal and professional levels. Typically, informal communication is not considered as reliable as formal communication, but makes day-to-day interactions easier.Full Answer >
The term model of communication refers to a conceptual model employed to explain the human communication process. The first model of communication was elaborated by Warren Weaver and Claude Elwood Shannon in 1949.Full Answer >