In the United States, the term "civil service" generally refers to any government job other than service in the military. Some examples of jobs specific to the government include working for the post office, in foreign affairs or in passport and visa services.Know More
As the government employs many different types of workers for its facilities and needs, "civil service" can technically consist of everything from cooking in a cafeteria to working in Congress. The U.S. Department of State lists foreign affairs, personnel management, management analysis, general accounting and administration, budget administration, legal counsel, passport visa services, public affairs, contract procurement, and information technology management as civil service job categories. Working for the police and highway patrol are also examples of civil service positions.
The Federal Civil Service was formally created in 1871 to represent all positions in the government of the United States with the exception of those in the uniformed services. Most positions are in the "competitive service", where applicants compete with each other by taking tests and being awarded merit points for things like military service and previous related work experience. Some positions, mostly those with intelligence and security agencies, are in the "excepted service," where officials of those services have more discretion in recruiting and hiring.Learn more about Careers
A benchmark job is a job that is well-defined across company lines, such as security, accounting and secretarial jobs, where information about median salaries is easily accessible and commonly available. In order to check if one organization is fairly paying its employees according to the market rate, public surveys are used to gather data about pay rates in one specific role or industry, as noted by Lehigh University.Full Answer >
Examples of quality ranking factors include skills that enhance a federal government job applicant's chances of being hired but are not necessary for satisfactory job performance. Specifically, an applicant may have the quality ranking factor of superior writing skills when only average writing skills are required for the position. Superior writing skills are considered a quality ranking factor because they can be used to rank an applicant higher than others.Full Answer >
Technical skills are a person's abilities that contribute directly to performance of a given job, such as computer, engineering, language and electrical skills. Someone with excellent abilities in any of these technical areas has the potential to secure a career in a related field.Full Answer >
As of 2012, pediatrician job opportunities were predicted to grow by about 18 percent between 2012 and 2022 across the United States. Employment opportunities in rural and low-income areas are expected to increase due to health care reforms. The expected growth is based on the growing U.S. population.Full Answer >