An income and expenditure account is a record showing debits and credits for an organization within a particular time period. Income and expenditure accounts are also referred to as profit and loss accounts. Generally, these accounts are credited with debits and credits, whether paid or not. As a rule, transactions of a capital nature, such as payments for vehicles or sales of machinery, as well as donations from a will, should not be included in this account.Know More
The difference between income and expenditure, whether surplus or deficiency, is transferred to a capital account. A capital account is record of money available for the daily operations of an organization. Income and expenditure accounts are popular with nonprofit organizations, such as clubs, hospitals, schools and charities. Donations, member subscriptions and entrance fees are among the items that appear on the income side of profit and loss accounts.
Items appearing on the expenditure side of the record include salaries, honorariums, rents, utility bills and car expenses. Data for generating an income and expenditure account comes from a receipt and payment account or from a trial balance. A trial balance is a record that shows the ending balance of a particular account at the close of a particular period.Learn more about Accounting
People need accounting because it keeps a record of cashflow, produces financial reports and monitors business expenses of an organization, according to the Houston Chronicle. Accounting helps owners make vital decisions to help their companies thrive.Full Answer >
Factors that impact pricing decisions include internal factors like the marketing objectives for the organization, and external factors such as the nature of the market, competition and demand. Marketing will determine a strategy for the product, which greatly impacts the proposed pricing for a product.Full Answer >
In business, accountants review financial records to ensure their accuracy and prepare documentation in case the organization is audited. The accounting team also prepares taxes and ensures that they are filed on time.Full Answer >
According to a Houston Chronicle article by Grant Houston, strategic management accounting is a form of business inquiry that combines the accounting criteria of an organization with external factors that influence the organization, such as industry trends in costing, pricing, market share and resources. The goal of strategic management accounting is to provide companies with a comprehensive means to analyze future business decisions. It is more complex than management accounting.Full Answer >