A registered nurse, who works in a neonatal intensive care unit, cares for premature and critically ill infants. A NICU nurse is highly skilled, with a broad knowledge base in technology and advanced medical procedures.
NICU nurses work on interdisciplinary teams, which include physicians and social workers, to develop and carry out nursing care plans for their small patients and assess the success of the treatments. NICU nurses face daily demands in a stressful environment. They aid their patients and encourage, support and educate the patients' families. In 1960, Yale-New Haven Hospital established the first NICU in the United States.