Those interested in becoming hair stylists must attend cosmetology school and obtain a cosmetology or barber license according to the laws in their state. States require anywhere from 1500 to 2500 hours of education in a licensed cosmetology or barber school before students can take the test to get their license.
The license test is generally given by the state board of cosmetology in the state where the applicant wishes to work. The test includes both a written and practical portion. During the written portion of the exam, the student answers a combination of multiple choice, true-and-false and long-answer questions. In the practical portion of the test, students must perform services on a model or mannequin, such as perm wraps, color applications, facial massages and manicures. Students must successfully pass both portions of the test to obtain a license and begin working as a hairdresser.
In many states, licensed cosmetologists are required to take continuing education courses to keep their license. While the specific requirements vary from state to state, cosmetologists must earn the necessary continuing education credit hours to continue working in a salon. If they fail to do so, they are not qualified to work as a hair stylist.Learn More
To apply for a cosmetology license renewal, submit an application for license renewal along with appropriate fees and documents on or before the license expiration date. Renewals are done online or by mail, based upon state regulations. Paper license renewal applications are available by mailed request or printed online.Full Answer >
There are many ways that chemistry is used in cosmetology, including testing the pH level of hair in order to make better product recommendations. Knowing the pH level helps cosmetologists dye hair the correct color and keeps them from damaging hair that they are treating.Full Answer >
Cosmetology exams consist of written and practical portions, and passing them requires quite a bit of studying, real-life practice and even arriving for the exam with all the appropriate tools and materials. Cosmetology exams are offered by all states, and follow the same general formats. All exams consist of a written portion, to allow students the opportunity to demonstrate mastery of the academic components of cosmetology, and consist of a practical section, to allow students to physically apply skills in real-life settings.Full Answer >
Though cosmetology programs vary by state, most full-time programs take a year or less to complete. However, many cosmetology schools also offer part-time classes that take around 18 months to complete.Full Answer >