A career in science requires a four-year bachelor’s degree in one of the sciences, and course requirements depend on the field of study. Industrial research or independent work may require a doctoral degree, which may add four to eight additional years of study. Responsibilities include problem solving, running experiments and research.Know More
The many types of scientists include agricultural, computer, earth, library and materials scientists, as well as archaeologists, astronomers, biologists, chemists, mathematicians, military scientists, physicists, psychologists, social scientists and ophthalmologists. Famous scientists include Stephen Hawking, Charles Darwin, Niels Bohr, Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Louis Pasteur and Sir Isaac Newton.
Science majors have varying requirements. For instance, an astronomy major requires a broad math and science background, including computing. Classes that teach how to write, research and present papers are important. Most astronomers hold an advanced degree in physics or astronomy, and around 100 universities offer advanced degrees in astronomy.
Earth science encompasses areas such as the atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and pedosphere. An earth science major may include the study of geological science, ocean and atmosphere science, geochemistry, geophysics, palaeontology and climate. Many universities offer degrees in earth science. Graduates with advanced degrees in earth science find jobs with engineering firms, energy companies, colleges, universities and government agencies.Learn more in Career Aspirations
To become a paleontologist, a college background that is focused heavily on the sciences and a major in geology or biology is recommended. Additionally, while in school, it is imperative to seek volunteer opportunities, internships or independent studies with a professional paleontologist or museum.Full Answer >
A forensic scientist is a person who uses the scientific method to examine things that happened in the past in order to reach a verdict in the court of law. The scientific processes used by forensic scientists include mathematics, biology, physics, chemistry and psychology.Full Answer >
To succeed as a scientist, one needs skills including the ability to apply a broad range of scientific knowledge in practical situations, creativity, research abilities and the flexibility to integrate new scientific information as it becomes available. Written and verbal communication skills are also important.Full Answer >
Environmental scientists help protect the environment by doing fieldwork tests, ensuring that companies and organizations adhere to government protection laws, writing reports and creating environmental protection plans. They analyze environmental problems, such as pollution, and assess the safety of the environment.Full Answer >