Engineers have the unique role of solving social problems through the use of machines, devices, systems, materials and processes. Engineering has an inherent impact on society that differentiates it from science.
The University of Texas at Austin states that engineering naturally consists in solving the real-world problems of society, as opposed to science, which is led by curiosity. Thus, the engineer serves an important social role. There are many different and diverse specializations of engineering, but they all create solutions for different areas of human life.
Chemical engineers use physics, chemistry and biology to perform chemical processes for commercial purposes. For instance chemical engineers participate in refining petroleum, producing biomolecules and in fermentation processes.
Civil engineers are involved with the creation of public works. Their work includes the creation of roads, harbors, basins and aqueducts that make transportation and resource allocation possible. Without civil engineers, cities would be disorganized and lack many luxuries.
Electrical engineers work on complex electrical systems. Their work makes it possible for cities to have light and power, which in turn enables the telecommunications systems that form the basis of the modern global information-based economy.
Mechanical engineers are responsible for aircraft products, energy systems and weapons, among others. Their work promotes national defense and connects the nation together.Learn More
A plant engineer provides assistance and direction to plant personnel to properly follow the procedures and methods used in the plant. Plant engineers play a role in conducting operational tests to determine whether a design meets the specifications of the plant.Full Answer >
A petrochemical engineer is a kind of chemical engineer that uses math and science to break down molecules in crude oil to make simpler components. Some of the chemicals that result from these simpler components include methanol, benzene, plastics, lubricating oils and butane polymers.Full Answer >
Although they are typically associated with monumental structures and buildings, a civil engineer’s primary focus is adapting and maintaining the infrastructure. The job of a civil engineer is to make sure that the infrastructure, including roads, railways, bridges and energy supply networks, operate effectively. The infrastructure also requires adaptation with regard to natural disasters and climate change in addition to the needs and size of the population.Full Answer >
To become a train engineer, complete high school, acquire the qualities required for the job, apply for a job and obtain on-the-job training. Many train engineers begin their careers as conductors before transitioning into the train engineer position.Full Answer >