A scientist is anyone who engages in the pursuit of scientific knowledge, which is concerned with understanding the laws that make up the physical universe. The practice of science rigorously attends to unbiased observation and robust experimentation.Know More
There are many kinds of scientists, corresponding to a wide variety of branches of the various scientific disciplines, like physical science, Earth science, biology, medicine, engineering and social science. Scientists study a wide variety of subjects. For example, some scientists may study the laws of nature that govern the extra-terrestrial phenomena that occurs in outer space. These scientists are usually referred to as astronomers.
Some scientists study theories and disciplines that are highly theoretical, like quantum physicists. These kinds of scientists primarily attempt to explain the physical laws that make up the physical world, focusing specifically on the very smallest pieces of matter and energy that make up the universe. Other scientists, like engineers, work towards applying science to more tangible dimensions, like the building of bridges and power systems.
Scientists follow their own philosophy or methodology, usually referred to as the scientific method. Science isn't just an academic pursuit, there are numerous contexts where science is used in practical applications, like industrial and commercial settings and even instances of political action.Learn more about Career Aspirations
To succeed as a scientist, one needs skills including the ability to apply a broad range of scientific knowledge in practical situations, creativity, research abilities and the flexibility to integrate new scientific information as it becomes available. Written and verbal communication skills are also important.Full Answer >
Environmental scientists help protect the environment by doing fieldwork tests, ensuring that companies and organizations adhere to government protection laws, writing reports and creating environmental protection plans. They analyze environmental problems, such as pollution, and assess the safety of the environment.Full Answer >
The qualifications needed to become a forensic scientist include a minimum of a bachelor's degree in the natural sciences such as biology or chemistry, according to the United States Bureau of Labor and Statistics; many candidates for forensic scientist positions also have a master's degree in forensic science. Coursework with an emphasis on biology, chemistry and mathematics is recommended, and students should also take forensic science classes.Full Answer >
A palaeontologist refers to anyone who finds or studies fossils. However, scientists who study fossils can be from other branches of science, such as archeology, geology and biology, that examine history by studying the Earth and its resources for clues about the past.Full Answer >