A taxpayer who claims exempt on a W-4 form turned into an employer has Social Security and Medicare taxes taken out of a regular paycheck, according to the Internal Revenue Service. As of 2014, the Social Security tax rate is 6.2 percent and Medicare tax rate is 1.45 percent.Know More
An employee who claims exempt on income tax withholding has 7.65 percent of his income withheld for tax purposes, but none of the federal income taxes a person normally pays, explains the IRS. For a $500 paycheck, $38.25 is taken out by the employer to pay Social Security and Medicare taxes. The highest withholding rate for a paycheck is for a taxpayer who is single with no allowances for dependents.
A W-4 form is filled out when a taxpayer first works for a company. The withheld amount may change based on an employee's status, and the withheld amount may change even if the employee still works for the same company. Circumstances that may change withheld amounts include divorce and an event that changes the number of allowances, states the IRS. Each allowance reduces the amount of income tax withheld on each check. Taxpayers may change their withholding amount at any time, and the withheld amount is taken into account when taxpayers file annual income tax returns.Learn More
According to the IRS, a taxpayer can write off a portion of his rent if he uses part of his home for business. This area must be designated solely for business and must be the main place of business for the taxpayer's company.Full Answer >
Penalties for filing IRS taxes late include a failure-to-file penalty, a failure-to-pay penalty if a taxpayer owes taxes or losing a refund if taxes are not filed within three years. IRS penalties accumulate monthly due to interest on unpaid taxes, and the penalty reaches a maximum at 25 percent of the total unpaid taxes.Full Answer >
Back taxes should be filed in the same way and place as on-time returns, states the Internal Revenue Service. However, if the taxpayer has already received a past due notice, he should send the late returns to the location specified in the notice.Full Answer >
If taxes are filed after the due date, or not paid in full by then, a failure-to-file penalty can be applied by the Internal Revenue Service. Under special circumstances, a six-month extension may be granted. Additionally, if taxes are filed late, loan approvals may be delayed and tax refunds withheld.Full Answer >