Q:

What are the various types of farming?

A:

Quick Answer

Some of the most common types of farming available include intensive farming, collective farming, organic farming, vertical farming, factory farming and arable farming. Farming is an important activity that has enabled various communities throughout the world to produce enough food products to sustain human life.

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Full Answer

Various types of farming suit certain locations while others are best suited for those on a budget. Below are some details regarding the different types of farming available.

  • Organic farming — this is the type of farming whereby the farmer greatly depends on organic substances to sustain productivity. The use of organic manure, mechanical cultivation and biological pest control techniques are quite common here.
  • Intensive farming — in this type of farming, the farmer tries to make maximum gain from a limited piece of land. This means he or she may rear a large number of animals or grow a lot of crops on a very limited piece of land. The farmer uses various techniques to ensure maximum yield despite having little land.
  • Fell farming — this type of farming involves growing crops or grazing animals in hilly areas. These areas are not traditionally viewed as ideal for agriculture but with various techniques, farmers can achieve great yields from them. Grazing sheep and cattle is a common practice in this type of farming.
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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the advantages of mixed farming?

    A:

    According to My Agriculture Information Bank, mixed farming is advantageous because it allows farmers to diversify and spread risk, enables recycling and prevents dependence on external inputs, reduces the spread of diseases and pests through biodiversity, leads to high profits, guarantees work throughout the year and enhances a farmer's social status. The utilization of equipment, labor and land is very efficient in mixed farming enterprises.

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  • Q:

    What is traditional agriculture?

    A:

    Traditional agriculture is a type of farming that uses techniques developed over decades or centuries to ensure good, sustainable yield over time in a specific area or region. Traditional farms are based around mixed crops that complement one another.

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  • Q:

    What is intensive farming?

    A:

    Intensive farming uses large amounts of labor and resources as they relate to land area by applying fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation systems to achieve a profit. As of August 2014, intensive farming uses high-tech machinery to grow crops and raise livestock. Mechanization is expensive, but labor costs are reduced and productivity increases.

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  • Q:

    What are the disadvantages of organic farming?

    A:

    There are a few disadvantages to organic farming, such as the fact that it produces much lower yields than conventional farming, which in turn decreases the availability and increases the price. Organic fruits and vegetables often cost as much as 15 to 20 percent more than non-organic. It is also thought that the organic farms are less efficient at getting their product to market, sometimes leading to lower quality goods.

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