The primary advantage of labeling students is being able to get them formal and informal assistance to improve their educational experience more easily. A primary drawback is that labels may shape the way a teacher interacts with the student, possibly creating a self-fulfilling prophecy that limits student success.
Federal and state aid for special education programs is often tied to a formal diagnosis or assessment of a student's special needs. Thus, formalizing a label, such as learning disability or autism spectrum disorder, enables the school to get the funding it needs to provide support services. Informally, labeling inside a school may draw attention to the special needs of certain students. Faculty and staff may develop extra support systems and invest time with students deemed "unmotivated" or "at-risk." The school can also build communication with parents to work through challenges.
When a teacher labels a student based on observed traits or behaviors, the attitude the teacher projects toward that student may put a ceiling on the student's performance. A student may also conform to the perceived expectations of the teacher. If a student senses a role of "troublemaker," characteristic behaviors may follow. A teacher may also brighten the spotlight on a child's flaws, which are common at a particular age. Labeling students with disabilities or concerning traits in a classroom can also affect how peers treat the student.Learn More
The "banking" concept of education is a method of teaching and learning where the students simply store the information relayed to them by the teacher. It was described by Brazilian educationalist Paolo Freire.Full Answer >
Proponents of a later school day suggest that sleeping later improves academic performance and allows students to get a healthy amount of sleep at night. A University of Minnesota study reported that 66 percent of students slept for at least eight hours when school started at 8:55 a.m., according to Parade magazine. When school started at 7:30 a.m., only 34 percent of students received eight hours of sleep.Full Answer >
Field trips are beneficial to students because they allow students to see how what they are learning is applied in the real world. Field trips also give students an opportunity to learn outside of the classroom, which may help keep the classroom routine from getting monotonous.Full Answer >
Although paying students for good grades may be a good incentive in the short term, it robs the student of the excitement of learning just for learning's sake. According to the National Education Association, paying students also creates conflict in the classroom and adds pressure for teachers to inflate grades.Full Answer >